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EBOOK
Author Helsen, Jef A.
Title Biomaterials : a Tantalus experience / Jozef A. Helsen, Yannis Missirlis.
Imprint Berlin ; Heidelberg : Springer, 2010.

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Author Helsen, Jef A.
Series Biological and medical physics, biomedical engineering
Biological and medical physics, biomedical engineering.
Subject Biomedical materials.
Biocompatible Materials.
Tissue Engineering.
Genre/Form Electronic books.
Alt Name Missirlis, Y. F., 1946-
Description 1 online resource (xvi, 340 pages) : illustrations.
Bibliography Note Includes bibliographical references and index.
Contents Note continued: 7.4. Stereolithography of Polymers -- 7.5. Characterization of Porous Structures -- 7.6. Conclusion -- 8. Metal Implants Bound to Disappear -- 8.1. Soluble Metals? -- 8.2. Prospecting for the Best -- 8.3. Hope? -- 8.4. Mg Foams -- 8.5. In Vitro and In Vivo -- 8.6. Conclusion -- 9. 7,000 Year Old Story: Ceramics -- 9.1. Greek Pottery, a Useful Intermezzo? -- 9.2. Ceramics, Impossible to Define? -- 9.3. Ceramics -- 9.3.1. High Performance -- 9.3.2. Low Performance -- 9.4. Glass and Glass-Ceramics -- 9.4.1. Bioactive Glasses -- 9.4.2. Glass-Ceramics -- 9.5. Coatings -- 9.6. General Conclusion -- 10. Dental Materials -- 10.1. Difficulties to "Bridge" -- 10.2. Amalgam -- 10.3. Composite Alternatives -- 10.3.1. Adhesives -- 10.3.2. Restorative Composites -- 10.4. Orthodontics -- 10.5. Implants -- 10.6. Ceramics -- 10.7. Calcium Phosphates -- 10.8. Postscript -- 11. Perfect Prosthesis? -- 11.1. isoelastic Prosthesis -- 11.2. Polymers for Implants -- 11.3. Why is a Polymer Like PMMA Transparent to Visible Light? -- 11.4. Polyethyleneterephtalate -- 11.5. Polyamide -- 11.6. Was the Isoelastic Concept a Good Idea? -- 11.7. Heraclitus, 2500 Years Old and Still Alive -- 11.8. We Shall Overcome ... Do We? -- 11.9. Thermoplastic Elastomers -- 11.9.1. Polyurethane -- 11.9.2. Thermoplastic Polyolefins -- 11.10. Conclusion -- 12. Heart Valve Substitutes -- 12.1. Introduction: Valve Explants -- 12.2. Natural Heart Valves -- 12.2.1. Aortic Valve -- 12.2.2. Aortic Valve Substitutes -- 12.3. Soft Tissue Biomechanics -- 12.4. Blood-Material Interactions -- 12.5. Anticoagulants -- 12.6. Blood Flow Through the Heart Valves -- 12.7. Epilogue-Future -- 13. Tissue Engineering: Regenerative Medicine -- 13.1. It Has Been Described Before! -- 13.2. Basic Scheme of Tissue Engineering.
Note continued: 13.3. Scaffolds -- 13.3.1. Materials -- 13.3.2. Porosity and Architecture -- 13.3.3. Scaffold Surface Chemistry and Topography -- 13.3.4. Mechanical Properties -- 13.3.5. Degradation Kinetics -- 13.3.6. Fabricaton Techniques -- 13.4. Biomolecules and Cells -- 13.4.1. Biomolecules -- 13.4.2. Cells -- 13.5. Tissue Engineered Heart Valves -- 13.6. Vascular Grafts -- 13.6.1. Synthetic Vascular Grafts -- 13.6.2. Stents -- 13.6.3. Tissue Engineered Blood Vessels -- 14. Water -- 14.1. Origin of Life -- 14.2. Water Molecule -- 14.3. Conclusion -- 15. Closing Dinner Speech -- A. Physical Data -- B. Crystallographic Structures -- B.1. Crystal Systems -- B.1.1. Unit Cells -- B.1.2. Slip Planes -- B.1.3. Dislocations -- B.1.4. Diffusionless or Displacive Transformation -- B.2. Ceramics -- C. Electrochemical Series -- C.1. Equilibrium Electrochemical Series -- C.2. Pitting Potentials and Re-passivating Time -- D. Simulated Body Fluids.
Summary Replacement of a failing hip joint or other defective organs in the human body by artificial ‘spare parts’ has significantly improved our quality of life. These spare parts have to meet a wide spectrum of mechanical, chemical and design requirements. In this book, the properties and selection of materials for such spare parts’ are deduced from case studies at the start of each chapter. Hard tissue replacements (joints, long bones, dental), soft tissue (heart valves) and tissue engineering are included. The chapters also detail the three generic classes of materials: alloys (including shape memory alloys), ceramics & glasses and polymers. Separate chapters are devoted to the toxicity of implants, the metals zirconium( -zirconium oxide), tantalum, niobium and metallic glasses, soluble metals and Rapid Prototyping techniques for the fabrication of custom made prostheses. The book concludes by a chapter on water as water is always ‘there’ and conditions the interaction between body and implant. Water is the very matrix of life on earth. A peculiarity of the book is its ‘perspective view’, meaning that the authors looked behind the present biomaterials’ decor and included historical backgrounds (real and mythological), future developments, and the relation to nature (plants and geology).
Note Print version record.
ISBN 9783642125324 (electronic bk.)
3642125328 (electronic bk.)
9783642125317 (electronic bk.)
364212531X (electronic bk.)
OCLC # 693780108
Additional Format Print version: Helsen, Jef A. Biomaterials. Berlin : Springer, 2010 9783642125317 (DLC) 2010938119 (OCoLC)700376019