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LEADER 00000cam  2200433 i 4500 
001    906121711 
003    OCoLC 
005    20170118110046.0 
008    150508s2016    maua     b    001 0 eng   
010    2015014359 
020    9780674736818 
020    0674736818 
035    (OCoLC)906121711 
040    DLC|beng|erda|cDLC|dYDXCP|dBTCTA|dBDX|dOCLCF|dHLS|dYAM
042    pcc 
049    OTCC 
050 00 QP341|b.C36 2016 
060 00 2016 C-191 
060 10 QP 341 
082 00 612.8/13|223 
100 1  Campenot, Robert B.,|d1946-|eauthor. 
245 10 Animal electricity :|bhow we learned that the body and 
       brain are electric machines /|cRobert B. Campenot. 
264  1 Cambridge, Massachusetts :|bHarvard University Press,
300    xii, 340 pages :|billustrations ;|c25 cm 
336    text|2rdacontent 
337    unmediated|2rdamedia 
338    volume|2rdacarrier 
504    Includes bibliographical references (pages 319-327) and 
505 0  Animal electricity -- A world of cells, molecules, and 
       atoms -- The animal battery -- Hodgkin and Huxley before 
       the war -- The mystery of nerve conduction explained -- 
       Heart to heart -- Nerve to muscle -- Use it or lose it -- 
       Broadcasting in the volume conductor -- The bionic 
520    "Like all cellular organisms, humans run on electricity. 
       Slight imbalances of electric charge across cell membranes
       result in sensation, movement, awareness, and thinking--
       nearly everything we associate with being alive. Robert 
       Campenot offers a comprehensive overview of animal 
       electricity, examining its physiological mechanisms as 
       well as the experimental discoveries that form the basis 
       for our modern understanding of nervous systems across the
       animal kingdom. Cells work much like batteries. 
       Concentration gradients of sodium and potassium cause 
       these ions to flow in and out of cells by way of protein 
       channels, creating tiny voltages across the cell membrane.
       The cellular mechanisms that switch these ion currents on 
       and off drive all the functions associated with animal 
       nervous systems, from nerve impulses and heartbeats to the
       600-volt shocks produced by electric eels. Campenot's 
       examination of the nervous system is presented in the 
       context of ideas as they evolved in the past, as well as 
       today's research and its future implications. The 
       discussion ranges from the pre-Renaissance notion of 
       animal spirits and Galvani's eighteenth-century discovery 
       of animal electricity, to modern insights into how 
       electrical activity produces learning and how electrical 
       signals in the cortex can be used to connect the brains of
       paralyzed individuals to limbs or prosthetic devices. 
       Campenot provides the necessary scientific background to 
       make the book highly accessible for general readers while 
       conveying much about the process of scientific discovery. 
650  0 Electrophysiology. 
650  0 Biophysics. 
650  0 Electricity|xPhysiological effect. 
650 12 Electrophysiological Phenomena. 
650 12 Animals.