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Author Russell, Jan Jarboe, 1951-
Title The train to Crystal City : FDR's secret prisoner exchange program and America's only family internment camp during World War II / Jan Jarboe Russell.
Imprint New York : Scribner, 2016.
Edition First Scribner trade paperback edition.

Author Russell, Jan Jarboe, 1951-
Subject Iserloh, Ingrid, 1930-
Utsusjogawa, Sumi, 1929-
Crystal City Internment Camp (Crystal City, Tex.) -- Biography.
World War, 1939-1945 -- Concentration camps -- Texas -- Crystal City.
World War, 1939-1945 -- Evacuation of civilians -- United States.
World War, 1939-1945 -- Forced repatriation.
World War, 1939-1945 -- Children -- United States -- Biography.
Japanese Americans -- History -- 20th century.
German Americans -- History -- 20th century.
Crystal City (Tex.) -- History -- 20th century.
Genre/Form Biography.
Description xxi, 401 : illustrations ; 22 cm
Edition First Scribner trade paperback edition.
Bibliography Note Includes bibliographical references (pages 369-376) and index.
Contents Without trial. New enemies ; Eleanor vs. Franklin ; Strangers in a small Texas town -- Destination: Crystal City. Internment without trial ; A family reunion ; The hot summer of '43 ; "Be patient" ; To be or not to be an American ; Yes-yes, no-no ; A test of faith ; The birds are crying -- The equation of exchange. Trade bait ; The false passports ; Under fire ; Into Algeria ; The all-American camp ; Shipped to Japan ; Harrison's second act -- The road home. After the war ; Beyond the barbed wire ; The train from Crystal City.
Summary From 1942 to 1945, secret government trains delivered United States civilians regularly to Crystal City, a small desert town at the southern tip of Texas. The trains carried Japanese, German, and Italian immigrants and their American-born children. The vast majority were loyal to the United States deeply, were never charged with any crime, and did not understand why they had been forced to leave their homes. Crystal City, the only family internment camp during World War II, was the center of a secret government prisoner exchange program. During the war, hundreds of prisoners in Crystal City, including their children, were exchanged for other, ostensibly more important Americans ---- diplomats, businessmen, soldiers, physicians, and missionaries ---- behind enemy lines in Japan and Germany. Haunted by the story for decades, Jan Jarboe Russell interviewed more than fifty living internees from the camp and gained access to private journals, diaries, FBI files, camp administration records, and other documents. Focusing her story on two American-born teenage girls, Russell assembles a vivid reconstruction of their years spent in the camp, their families' subsequent respective journeys to war-devastated Germany and Japan, and their years-long attempt to survive and return to The United States. Their stories of day-to-day life at the camp, from the ten-foot-high security fence to the armed guards, daily roll call, and censored mail, have never been told. The Train To Crystal City reveals the wartime hysteria against the Japanese and Germans in America, FDR's secret tactics to rescue prisoners of war in Germany and Japan, how the definition of American citizenship changed under the pressure of war, and, above all, a tale of resilience and patriotism against overwhelming odds. -- Cover.
ISBN 9781451693676 (pbk.)
1451693672 (pbk.)
OCLC # 904812909