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LEADER 00000cam  2200517 i 4500 
001    904812909 
003    OCoLC 
005    20161014111314.0 
008    160115s2016    nyua     b    001 0ceng   
010    2015509054 
020    9781451693676|q(pbk.) 
020    1451693672|q(pbk.) 
035    (OCoLC)904812909 
040    DLC|beng|erda|cDLC|dYDXCP|dBDX|dILM|dOCLCQ|dHT#|dOCLCF
       |dOCLCO|dOTC 
042    pcc 
043    n-us---|an-us-tx 
049    OTCC 
050 00 D805.5.C79|bR87 2016 
082 00 940.53/177644370922|223 
100 1  Russell, Jan Jarboe,|d1951- 
245 14 The train to Crystal City :|bFDR's secret prisoner 
       exchange program and America's only family internment camp
       during World War II /|cJan Jarboe Russell. 
250    First Scribner trade paperback edition. 
264  1 New York :|bScribner,|c2016. 
300    xxi, 401 :|billustrations ;|c22 cm 
336    text|btxt|2rdacontent 
337    unmediated|bn|2rdamedia 
338    volume|bnc|2rdacarrier 
504    Includes bibliographical references (pages 369-376) and 
       index. 
505 8  Without trial. New enemies ; Eleanor vs. Franklin ; 
       Strangers in a small Texas town -- Destination: Crystal 
       City. Internment without trial ; A family reunion ; The 
       hot summer of '43 ; "Be patient" ; To be or not to be an 
       American ; Yes-yes, no-no ; A test of faith ; The birds 
       are crying -- The equation of exchange. Trade bait ; The 
       false passports ; Under fire ; Into Algeria ; The all-
       American camp ; Shipped to Japan ; Harrison's second act -
       - The road home. After the war ; Beyond the barbed wire ; 
       The train from Crystal City. 
520    From 1942 to 1945, secret government trains delivered 
       United States civilians regularly to Crystal City, a small
       desert town at the southern tip of Texas. The trains 
       carried Japanese, German, and Italian immigrants and their
       American-born children. The vast majority were loyal to 
       the United States deeply, were never charged with any 
       crime, and did not understand why they had been forced to 
       leave their homes. Crystal City, the only family 
       internment camp during World War II, was the center of a 
       secret government prisoner exchange program. During the 
       war, hundreds of prisoners in Crystal City, including 
       their children, were exchanged for other, ostensibly more 
       important Americans ---- diplomats, businessmen, soldiers,
       physicians, and missionaries ---- behind enemy lines in 
       Japan and Germany. Haunted by the story for decades, Jan 
       Jarboe Russell interviewed more than fifty living 
       internees from the camp and gained access to private 
       journals, diaries, FBI files, camp administration records,
       and other documents. Focusing her story on two American-
       born teenage girls, Russell assembles a vivid 
       reconstruction of their years spent in the camp, their 
       families' subsequent respective journeys to war-devastated
       Germany and Japan, and their years-long attempt to survive
       and return to The United States. Their stories of day-to-
       day life at the camp, from the ten-foot-high security 
       fence to the armed guards, daily roll call, and censored 
       mail, have never been told. The Train To Crystal City 
       reveals the wartime hysteria against the Japanese and 
       Germans in America, FDR's secret tactics to rescue 
       prisoners of war in Germany and Japan, how the definition 
       of American citizenship changed under the pressure of war,
       and, above all, a tale of resilience and patriotism 
       against overwhelming odds. -- Cover. 
600 10 Iserloh, Ingrid,|d1930- 
600 10 Utsusjogawa, Sumi,|d1929- 
610 20 Crystal City Internment Camp (Crystal City, Tex.)
       |vBiography. 
650  0 World War, 1939-1945|xConcentration camps|zTexas|zCrystal 
       City. 
650  0 World War, 1939-1945|xEvacuation of civilians|zUnited 
       States. 
650  0 World War, 1939-1945|xForced repatriation. 
650  0 World War, 1939-1945|xChildren|zUnited States|vBiography. 
650  0 Japanese Americans|xHistory|y20th century. 
650  0 German Americans|xHistory|y20th century. 
651  0 Crystal City (Tex.)|xHistory|y20th century. 
655  7 Biography.|2fast|0(OCoLC)fst01423686. 
655  7 History.|2fast|0(OCoLC)fst01411628. 
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