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Author Cavers, M. Graeme,
Title A lake dwelling in its landscape : Iron Age settlement at Cults Loch, Castle Kennedy, Dumfries & Galloway / Graeme Cavers & Anne Crone.
Imprint Oxford : Oxbow Books, 2018.

Subject Lake-dwellers and lake-dwellings -- Scotland -- Castle Kennedy.
Excavations (Archaeology) -- Scotland -- Castle Kennedy.
Iron age -- Scotland -- Castle Kennedy.
Castle Kennedy (Scotland) -- Antiquities.
Alt Name Crone, Anne,
Historic Environment Scotland,
AOC Scotland Ltd.,
SWAP (Project),
Description 1 online resource (vii, 288 pages) : illustrations (some color), plans (some color
Note At foot of title: Historic Environment Scotland, AOC, SWAP.
Summary "Cults Loch, at Castle Kennedy in Dumfries & Galloway, Scotland, lies within a landscape rich in prehistoric cropmark sites and within the loch itself are two crannogs, one of which has been the focus of this study. A palisaded enclosure and a promontory fort on the shores of the loch have also been excavated. The Cults Loch crannog is only the second prehistoric site in Scotland to be dated by dendrochronology and analysis has revealed the very short duration of activity on the crannog in the middle of the 5th century BC. Bayesian analysis of the dating evidence from all the excavated sites has yielded a chronological sequence which suggests a dynamic and sequential settlement pattern across the landscape. The implications of this sequence for later prehistoric settlement throughout south-west Scotland are explored. The Cults Loch Landscape Project arose out of the Scottish Wetland Archaeology Programme (SWAP), the objective of which is to fully integrate the wetland archaeological resource of Scotland into the more mainstream narratives of 'dryland' archaeology. The Cults Loch project has sought to bridge this apparent divide between 'wetland' and 'dryland' by focusing on a wetland site, the crannog, which lies at the centre of a prehistoric landscape, rather than being peripheral to it. Thus, the wealth of well-preserved evidence from the crannog, particularly the rich ecofactual assemblages, as well as the higher chronological resolution possible through the dendro-dating of waterlogged timbers, are brought to bear on our understanding of the evidence from the cropmark sites around the loch. The role and function of crannogs are also explored via the relationship between the crannog in Cults Loch and its social and physical landscape"--Back cover.
Bibliography Note Includes bibliographical references (pages 247-258) and index.
Contents Machine generated contents note: 1. Introduction -- research framework -- landscape setting; geology and hydrology -- history of previous archaeological investigations at Cults Loch -- Methodology -- community initiative -- Note on site labels -- 2. Cults Loch 3; the promontory crannog -- 2a. structural sequence -- Phase 1 Construction of the crannog mound -- Phase 2 Structure 1 -- Phase 3 Structure 2 -- Phase 3 Deposits and structures in the N quadrant -- Phase 4 Structure 3 -- Phase 5 decay horizon -- Access onto the crannog -- trackway across the crannog -- final act? -- 2b. Chronology / Anne Crone -- Introduction -- Radiocarbon dating -- Dendrochronological studies -- 14C wiggle-match dating and the structural sequence at Cults Loch 3 / Gordon Cook -- Comment / Graeme Cavers -- 2c. Ecofact analyses -- Introduction -- Phase 1 crannog mound -- Phase 2 Structure 1 -- Phase 3 Structure 2 -- Phase 3 Deposits in the N quadrant -- Phase 4 Structure 3 -- Phase 5 decay horizon -- Deposits off the crannog mound -- macroplant assemblage / Jackaline Robertson -- Insect remains / Enid Allison -- Micromorphology / Lynne Roy -- 2d. artefact assemblage -- wooden artefacts / Anne Crone -- shale / Fraser Hunter -- glass bead / Fraser Hunter -- coarse stone / Dawn McLaren -- chipped stone assemblage / Rob Engl -- burnt clay / Dawn McLaren -- Synthesis of the material culture from Cults Loch 3 / Dawn McLaren -- 2e. structural timbers -- Introduction -- Vertical components -- Horizontal components -- Woodworking debris -- Charred timbers -- Discussion -- Wood use on the crannog -- 2f. Summary of evidence for construction and occupation on Cults Loch 3 -- Duration and continuity -- Construction -- floor surfaces and living conditions on the crannog -- Domestic and agricultural activities -- 3. Cults Loch 4; the promontory fort -- Introduction -- Aerial photography -- Geophysical survey / Tessa Poller -- Excavation results -- Neolithic activity -- Bronze Age activity and the early phase of enclosure -- earlier Iron Age enclosures -- Interior features -- Environmental remains / Jackaline Robertson -- form and function of the enclosure -- Inland promontory forts -- 4. Cults Loch 5; the palisaded enclosure -- Introduction -- Geophysical survey / Graeme Cavers -- Excavation results -- Earlier prehistoric features -- Phase 1 -- Phase 2 -- Other features within the enclosure -- Modern features -- Chronology -- Material culture -- coarse stone / Dawn McLaren -- Ceramic and vitrified material / Dawn McLaren -- Environmental remains / Jackaline Robertson -- Cults Loch 5; discussion -- 5. Cults Loch 2 and Cults Loch 6 -- Cults Loch 2; the knoll -- Cults Loch 6; the pits -- Discussion -- 6. Radiocarbon dating and Bayesian modelling of Cults Loch 3, 4 and 5 / Tony Krus -- Methodological approach -- Cults Loch 3; the crannog -- Cults Loch 4; the promontory fort -- Cults Loch 5; the palisaded enclosure -- Discussion -- 7. material world of Iron Age Wigtownshire / Gemma Cruickshanks -- Introduction -- Luce Sands -- Material patterns -- Stone -- Iron and ironworking -- Copper alloys and their manufacture -- Decoration and adornment -- Contacts -- Artefacts and society -- Roman world -- Conclusions -- 8. environment in and around Cults Loch -- 8a. offsite palaeoenvironmental programme / Ciara Clarke -- Background -- Reconnaissance -- Sampling -- Core TCL1; age-depth model -- Lake ecology -- Discussion and conclusions -- 8b. on-site evidence for the environment around Cults Loch -- 9. Liminal living in a dynamic landscape? -- 9a. Cults Loch 3; chronology, form and functionality -- Chronology -- Form -- Functionality; or reasons for living out on the water -- 9b. sites in their local and national context; the later prehistoric settlement record of Wigtownshire -- Settlement development in the 1st millennium BC in southern Scotland -- earlier Iron Age settlement landscape in SW Scotland -- Cults Loch landscape: settlement, duration and evolution 500-0 BC -- Architectural forms in the Cults Loch settlements -- 10. Conclusions -- Bibliography -- Appendices -- 1. Cults Loch 3; the environmental assemblages / Jackaline Robertson -- 2. Cults Loch 3; the insect remains / Enid Allison -- 3. Cults Loch 3; soil micromorphology / Lynne Roy -- 4. Analysis of the glass bead / Mary Davis -- 5. Summary of finds from Wigtownshire Iron Age sites -- 6. Stray finds of certain or likely Iron Age date from Wigtownshire.
Note Print version record.
ISBN 9781785703744 (electronic bk.)
1785703749 (electronic bk.)
9781785703737
1785703730
OCLC # 1019747649
Additional Format Print version: Cavers, M. Graeme. Lake dwelling in its landscape. Oxford : Oxbow Books, 2018 9781785703737 1785703730 (OCoLC)949871085.