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Title The global Afghan opium trade : a threat assessment, 2011 / [research and report preparation, Hakan Demirbüken, Hayder Mili, Renée Le Cussan].
Imprint Vienna, Austria : United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, 2011.

Subject Opium trade -- Afghanistan.
Drug traffic -- Afghanistan.
Drug control -- Afghanistan -- International cooperation.
Transnational crime -- Prevention -- International cooperation.
Narcotic drugs -- Afghanistan -- Statistics
International drug control -- Afghanistan -- Statistics
Opium -- Afghanistan -- Supply and demand
Drug abuse -- Afghanistan -- Maps
Alt Name Demirbüken, Hakan.
Mili, Hayder.
Le Cussan, Renée.
United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. Studies and Threat Analysis Section.
United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. Country Office Afghanistan.
United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. Regional Office for Central Asia.
Description 1 online resource (158 pages) : color illustrations, color maps
Note "The preparation of this report benefited from the financial contributions of the United States of America, Germany and Turkey."
Bibliography Note Includes bibliographical references.
Summary Opiates originating in Afghanistan threaten the health and well-being of people in many regions of the world. Their illicit trade also adversely impacts governance, security, stability and development in Afghanistan, in its neighbors, in the broader region and beyond. This report, the second such report of the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime research project on the topic, covers worldwide flows of Afghan opiates, as well as trafficking in precursor chemicals used to turn opium into heroin. By providing a better understanding of the global impact of Afghan opiates, this report can help the international community identify vulnerabilities and possible countermeasures. This report presents data on the distribution of trafficking flows for Afghan opiates and their health impact throughout the world. A worrying development that requires international attention is the increasing use of Africa as a way station for Afghan heroin shipments to Europe, North America and Oceania. This is fuelling heroin consumption in Africa, a region generally ill-equipped to provide treatment to drug users and to fight off the corrupting effects of drug money. Another new trend is the growing use of sea and air transport to move Afghan heroin around the world, as well as to smuggle chemicals used in heroin production into Afghanistan. Traffickers in Afghan heroin have traditionally relied on overland routes, and law enforcement services will need to respond to this new threat. The findings of this report identify areas that need more attention. Strengthening border controls at the most vulnerable points, such as along Afghanistan's border with Pakistan's Baluchistan province, could help stem the largest flows of heroin, opium and precursor chemicals. Increasing the capacity to monitor and search shipping containers in airports, seaports and dry ports at key transit points and in destination countries could improve interdiction rates. Building capacity and fostering intelligence sharing between ports and law enforcement authorities in key countries and regions would help step up interdiction of both opiates and precursor chemicals. Addressing Afghan opium and insecurity will help the entire region, with ripple effects that spread much farther. Enhancing security, the rule of law and rural development are all necessary to achieve sustainable results in reducing poppy cultivation and poverty in Afghanistan. This will benefit the Afghan people, the wider region and the international community as a whole. But addressing the supply side and trafficking is not enough. We need a balanced approach that gives equal weight to counteracting demand for opiates.
Contents Afghan opiate trafficking. Current state of the global opiate market ; Afghanistan : the origin of opiates ; Major transnational flows of Afghan opiates ; Case study : opiate trafficking through Baluchistan and FATA ; Policy implications -- Acetic anhydride trafficking. The current state of illicit acetic anhydride market ; Acetic anydride trafficking to Afghanistan ; Getting to market in Afghanistan -- Annex 1. Methodology -- Annex 2. Substances controlled under the 1988 convention.
Note Print version record.
ISBN 9789210550222 (electronic bk.)
9210550226 (electronic bk.)
9789211482638
OCLC # 743341070