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Title Responding to massification : differentiation in postsecondary education worldwide / edited by Philip G. Altbach (Center for International Higher Education, Boston College, USA), Liz Reisberg (Center for International Higher Education, Boston College, USA) and Hans de Wit (Center for International Higher Education, Boston College, USA).
Imprint Rotterdam : Sense Publishers, [2017]
2017

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Series Global perspectives on higher education ; volume 37
Global perspectives on higher education ; v. 37.
Subject Education, Higher -- Cross-cultural studies.
Comparative education.
Foreign study.
Alt Name Altbach, Philip G.,
Reisberg, Liz,
Wit, Hans de, 1950-
Description 1 online resource.
Bibliography Note Includes bibliographical references and index.
Summary Global massification of postsecondary education, with more than 200 million students studying at an untold number of institutions focusing on every specialization possible, necessitates a differentiated system of postsecondary education in every country. This book provides the first comparative study of how postsecondary education has evolved in 13 countries. The study offers an analysis of current global realities and how different nations have constructed their response. Our research shows that few countries have developed rational and differentiated academic systems to meet new realities. The book provides insights regarding useful approaches for the development of academic systems. The book reveals similarities and differences in the 13 case studies as different governments have expanded postsecondary education to respond to the massification of enrollment. Postsecondary education has become diversified, but for the most part not adequately differentiated in most countries. Several of the case studies underscore the challenge of sustaining differentiation within the system if credentials from non-university, postsecondary institutions are considered of lesser social status. Too often institutions that successfully address the practical needs of national economies are ultimately merged into the university system. There is an urgent need for the planning and structuring of coherent systems of postsecondary education to serve the increasingly diverse clientele in need of the skills required by the knowledge economy. This study is the first global analysis aimed at understanding how post-secondary education can be organized to meet society's requirements and points to the need for designing coherent academic systems.
Contents Intro -- TABLE OF CONTENTS -- FOREWORD -- ABOUT THE SPONSORS -- GERMAN RECTORS' CONFERENCE -- KORBER FOUNDATION -- UNIVERSITAT HAMBURG -- ABOUT THE CENTER FOR INTERNATIONAL HIGHER EDUCATION (CIHE) -- EXECUTIVE SUMMARY -- MASSIFICATION -- DIVERSITY WITHOUT DIFFERENTIATION -- PUBLIC-PRIVATE -- DIFFERENTIATION IN THE TRADITIONAL UNIVERSITY SECTOR -- BEYOND THE TRADITIONAL UNIVERSITY -- THE CHALLENGES OF DESIGN -- STRATEGY VERSUS ANARCHY -- A WAY FORWARD -- 1. THE NECESSITY AND REALITY OF DIFFERENTIATED POSTSECONDARY SYSTEMS -- THE ROLE OF THE RESEARCH UNIVERSITY -- A KEY CHALLENGE: DIVERSIFICATION IN THE 21ST CENTURY -- THE REVOLUTION OF THE PRIVATE SECTOR -- THE CRISIS OF QUALITY ASSURANCE AND ACCREDITATION -- SYSTEM DESIGN-CALIFORNIA AND BEYOND -- CLASSIFICATION OR RANKING? -- DIVERSIFICATION VERSUS DIFFERENTIATION -- BLUEPRINTS FOR THE FUTURE -- REFERENCES -- 2. DIVERSIFICATION AND DIFFERENTIATION IN POSTSECONDARY EDUCATION: WHAT THERESEARCH SHOWS -- INTRODUCTION -- DEFINITIONS -- HORIZONTAL VS. VERTICAL DIFFERENTIATION -- ISSUES OF IMPLEMENTATION -- CONCLUSION -- REFERENCES -- AFRICA -- 3. DIFFERENTIATED POSTSECONDARY SYSTEMS AND THE ROLE OF THE UNIVERSITY: THE CASE OF EGYPT -- INTRODUCTION -- HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE POSTSECONDARY SYSTEM -- THE EGYPTIAN POSTSECONDARY EDUCATION SYSTEM -- MASSIFICATION CHALLENGES AND RESPONSES -- ROADMAP FOR THE TECHNICAL AND VOCATIONAL EDUCATION AND TRAINING (TVET) -- QUALITY ASSURANCE AND ACCREDITATION EFFORTS -- THE EGYPTIAN KNOWLEDGE BANK (EKB) -- CONCLUSION -- REFERENCES -- 4. DIFFERENTIATION WITHIN THE POSTSECONDARY EDUCATION SECTOR IN GHANA -- INTRODUCTION -- OVERVIEW OF THE EDUCATION STRUCTURE -- TYPOLOGY OF THE POSTSECONDARY EDUCATION SECTOR -- ENROLLMENT DATA -- PARTICIPATION AND EQUITY OF ACCESS -- QUALITY ASSURANCE MECHANISMS -- INSTITUTIONAL AUTONOMY AND ACADEMIC FREEDOM.
ACADEMIC STAFF PROFILES -- PUBLIC INVESTMENT IN THE POSTSECONDARY SECTOR -- SYSTEM DIFFERENTIATION -- RESEARCH AT THE TERTIARY LEVEL -- CONCLUSION -- REFERENCES -- ASIA & AUSTRALASIA -- 5. INSTITUTIONAL DIFFERENTIATION IN AUSTRALIAN POSTSECONDARY EDUCATION: HIT AND MISS -- INTRODUCTION -- TERTIARY EDUCATION -- VOCATIONAL EDUCATION AND TRAINING (VET) -- HOW AUSTRALIA GOT TO WHERE IT IS: PLANNED CHANGE, STALEMATES AND IDEOLOGY -- DIFFERENTIATION IN VET: THE HALFWAY HOUSE -- A BRIEF REFLECTION ON SYSTEM DEVELOPMENTS AND CHANGE -- THE MODERN AUSTRALIAN RESEARCH UNIVERSITY -- REFERENCES -- 6. A DIFFERENTIATED POSTSECONDARY EDUCATION SYSTEM IN MAINLAND CHINA -- THE CURRENT POSTSECONDARY EDUCATION SYSTEM: AN OVERVIEW -- CHINESE HIGHER EDUCATION SYSTEM AND ITS RECENT UNPRECEDENTED EXPANSION -- A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE CHINESE SYSTEM BEFORE THE RAPID EXPANSION -- A NEW ERA: HIGHER EDUCATION EXPANSION SINCE 1990S -- TYPES OF HEIS IN THE DIFFERENTIATED HIGHER EDUCATION SYSTEM -- NATIONAL AND LOCAL HEIS -- REGULAR HEIS AND ADULT HEIS -- THE ELITE UNIVERSITY SECTOR -- NON-PUBLIC SECTOR: PRIVATE HEIS AND INDEPENDENT COLLEGES -- THE ROLE OF RESEARCH UNIVERSITIES IN A DIFFERENTIATED SYSTEM -- NOTE -- REFERENCES -- 7. INDIA'S GROWTH OF POSTSECONDARY EDUCATION: SCALE, SPEED AND FAULT LINES -- INTRODUCTION -- ORGANIZATION AND STRUCTURE -- REGULATORY AND FUNDING ARRANGEMENTS -- SIZE AND GROWTH -- INSTITUTIONS OF NATIONAL IMPORTANCE -- UNIVERSITIES -- COLLEGES -- STAND-ALONE INSTITUTIONS -- INDUSTRIAL TRAINING INSTITUTES -- OTHER MODES OF VOCATIONAL EDUCATION AND TRAINING (VET) -- KEY FEATURES OF GROWTH -- MULTIPLE FAULT LINES -- DEMAND-SUPPLY MISMATCH -- FRAGMENTED ORGANIZATION AND STRUCTURE -- LACK OF AUTONOMY, QUALITY AND PERFORMANCE CULTURE -- FUTURE PERSPECTIVES AND CONCLUSIONS -- REFERENCES.
8. THE CONSEQUENCES OF MARKET-BASED MASS POSTSECONDARY EDUCATION: JAPAN'S CHALLENGES -- INTRODUCTION -- OVERVIEW OF THE CURRENT SYSTEM -- UNIVERSITIES -- JUNIOR COLLEGES -- COLLEGES OF TECHNOLOGY -- PROFESSIONAL TRAINING COLLEGES -- POLICY SHIFTS -- CURRENT POLICY DEBATES FOR FURTHER DIFFERENTIATION -- CONCLUSION -- REFERENCES -- EUROPE -- 9. DEMOCRATIZATION OF POSTSECONDARY EDUCATION IN FRANCE: DIVERSE AND COMPLEMENTARY INSTITUTIONS -- EVOLUTION OF THE STRUCTURE AND ORGANIZATION OF THE TRANSFORMATION AND DIVERSIFICATION OF THE PUBLIC UNIVERSITIES -- PETIT ENSEIGNEMENT SUPERIEUR -- THE ELITE INSTITUTIONS -- THE END OF THE CENTRAL ROLE OF THE PUBLIC UNIVERSITY IN FRENCH HE? -- THE HE PRIVATIZATION TREND -- RATIONALIZATION AND CONVERGENCE OF THE MODELS OF GRANDES ECOLES AND UNIVERSITIES -- THE REGULATORY ROLE OF PUBLIC UNIVERSITIES -- CONCLUSION -- NOTE -- REFERENCES -- 10. THE EXPANSION AND STRUCTURAL CHANGE OF POSTSECONDARY EDUCATION IN GERMANY -- INTRODUCTION: POSTSECONDARY EDUCATION IN GERMANY -- THE EXPANSION OF PARTICIPATION -- THE CHANGING LANDSCAPE OF GERMAN HIGHER EDUCATION -- CURRENT TRENDS OF INSTITUTIONAL DEVELOPMENT -- CONCLUSION -- NOTE -- REFERENCES -- 11. DIVERSITY AND UNIFORMITY IN THE STRUCTURE OF RUSSIAN POSTSECONDARY EDUCATION -- INTRODUCTION -- STRUCTURAL CHANGES IN RUSSIAN HIGHER EDUCATION: SOVIET ERA -- END OF THE 20TH CENTURY: NEW ROUND OF MASSIFICATION -- THE CONSEQUENCES OF MASSIFICATION IN RUSSIA -- CONTEMPORARY HIGHER EDUCATION SYSTEM IN RUSSIA -- UNIVERSITIES WITH SPECIAL STATUS -- POLICY SHIFTS IN SUPPORT OF MASSIFICATION -- AUTONOMY ISSUES -- QUALITY ASSURANCE MECHANISMS -- THE POSITION AND ROLE OF RESEARCH UNIVERSITIES -- CONCLUSION -- NOTES -- REFERENCES -- 12. UNITED KINGDOM: FROM BINARY TO CONFUSION -- INTRODUCTION -- THE DEVELOPMENT OF POSTSECONDARY EDUCATION IN THE UK -- POSTSECONDARY EDUCATION IN THE UK TODAY.
GOVERNANCE -- ACCESS -- QUALITY ASSURANCE AND RANKINGS -- THE ROLE OF RESEARCH UNIVERSITIES -- CONCLUSION -- REFERENCES -- LATIN AMERICA -- 13. BRAZILIAN POSTSECONDARY EDUCATIONIN THE 21ST CENTURY: A CONSERVATIVE MODERNIZATION -- EXPANSION AND FAILED DIVERSIFICATION -- THE LEGACY OF THE PAST -- THE CONTEMPORARY INSTITUTIONAL LANDSCAPE -- CHANGES IN THE POLICY FRAMEWORK FROM THE BEGINNING OF 2000S -- GROWTH AND DIFFERENTIATION IN THE PUBLIC SECTOR -- PUBLIC AND PRIVATE DYNAMICS -- RESEARCH -- LIMITED DIFFERENTIATION -- CONCLUSION -- NOTES -- REFERENCES -- 14. AGAINST ALL ODDS: HOW CHILE DEVELOPED A SUCCESSFUL TECHNICAL AND VOCATIONAL SECTOR IN POSTSECONDARY EDUCATION -- INTRODUCTION -- ORIGINS, STRUCTURE, AND EARLY DEVELOPMENT OF THE NON-UNIVERSITY SECTOR -- The transition to mass higher education: The contribution of the technical and vocational sector -- REFERENCES -- NORTH AMERICA -- 15. THE TRANSFORMATION OF THE SYSTEM OF POSTSECONDARY EDUCATION IN THE UNITED STATES -- INTRODUCTION -- THE ROLE OF GOVERNMENT IN AMERICAN POSTSECONDARY EDUCATION -- PRIVATIZATION -- REGULATION -- KNOWLEDGE-BASED ECONOMIES AND RESEARCH -- HIGHER EDUCATION'S CONTRIBUTION TO ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT -- CONCLUSION -- REFERENCES -- CONCLUSION -- 16. MASSIFICATION AND DIFFERENTIATION IN POSTSECONDARY EDUCATION: A MARRIAGE OF CONVENIENCE? -- THE PRESSURES OF MASSIFICATION -- DIFFERENTIATION: SCOPE AND CHALLENGES -- EXPANDING OPPORTUNITY: THE PRIVATE SECTOR AND PRIVATIZATION -- DIFFERENTIATION WITHIN THE UNIVERSITY SECTOR -- BEYOND THE TRADITIONAL UNIVERSITY -- THE CHALLENGES OF DESIGN -- STRATEGY VERSUS ANARCHY -- CONCLUDING REMARKS -- AUTHOR BIOGRAPHIES -- GLOBAL PERSPECTIVES ON HIGHER EDUCATION.
Note Online resource; title from PDF title page (EBSCO, viewed September 5, 2017).
ISBN 9789463510837 (electronic bk.)
9463510834 (electronic bk.)
9789463510813
9789463510820
ISBN/ISSN 10.1007/978-94-6351-083-7
OCLC # 1002303748
Additional Format Print version: Responding to massification : differentiation in postsecondary education worldwide. Rotterdam, Netherlands ; Boston, [Massachusetts] ; Taipei, [Taiwan] : Sense Publishers, 2017 xvi, 205 pages Global perspectives on higher education ; Volume 37 9789463510813