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EBOOK
Author Bennett, Trevor.
Title Understanding drugs, alcohol and crime / Trevor Bennett and Katy Holloway.
Imprint Maidenhead : Open University Press, 2005.

Author Bennett, Trevor.
Series Crime and justice
Crime and justice (Buckingham, England)
Subject Drug abuse and crime -- Great Britain.
Alcoholism and crime -- Great Britain.
Drug abuse -- Government policy -- Great Britain.
Alcoholism -- Government policy -- Great Britain.
Alt Name Holloway, Katy.
Description 1 online resource (xiv, 180 pages)
Bibliography Note Includes bibliographical references and index.
Contents 1. The nature of the problem -- Introduction -- Definitional issues -- What are drugs? -- What are 'illegal drugs'? -- What are drug offences? -- What is drug-related crime? -- The nature of the problems of drug misuse -- What is drug misuse? -- What is problematic drug use? -- What is drug dependence? -- Why is drug misuse a social problem? -- The nature of the drugs-crime connection -- The nature of the book -- Further reading.
2. Policy context : from defining to reducing harm -- Introduction -- When drug use was not a problem -- The medicalization of drug use -- The criminalization of drug use -- The prevention of drug use -- Reducing supply -- Reducing demand -- Reducing harm -- Variations across countries -- The Netherlands -- Switzerland -- Sweden -- United States -- Conclusion -- Further reading.
3. Extent of drug misuse -- Introduction -- Demand for drugs -- Drug use in the general population -- Drug use in offender populations -- Sizing the market -- Trends in demand -- Summary -- Supply of drugs -- Drug markets -- Seizures -- Prosecutions for drug offences -- Trends in supply -- Summary -- Problems of drug misuse -- Addiction and dependence -- Health problems relating to injection -- Economic and social costs -- Drug-related deaths -- Conclusion -- Further reading.
4. Types of drug misuse -- Introduction -- Types of drugs misused -- Drug type classification -- Variations over time -- Variations across countries -- Fashions in drug misuse and the link with crime -- The effects of drug use -- Short-term effects -- Long-term effects -- Methods of administration -- Methods of administering different drug types -- Reasons for selecting particular methods -- Geographic variation in methods of administration -- Method of administration and crime -- Sources of drugs -- Sources of supply as a defining part of drug offences -- Illegal sources of supply -- Drug markets and crime -- Patterns of drug use -- Patterns of individual drug use -- Patterns of multiple drug use -- Patterns of individual drug use and crime -- Patterns of multiple drug use and crime -- Motives for drug use -- Motives for starting -- Motives for continuing -- Motives for stopping -- Crime as a motive for alcohol and drug use -- Conclusion -- Further reading.
5. Explaining the drugs-crime connection -- Introduction -- Terminology -- Types of explanation -- Types of connection -- Types of measures -- Drug misuse causes crime -- Psychopharmacological explanations -- Economic explanations -- Drug lifestyle explanations -- Crime causes drug misuse -- Psychopharmacological explanations -- Economic explanations -- Criminal lifestyle explanations -- Reciprocal model -- Common-cause model -- Psychological explanations -- Social explanations -- Environmental explanations -- Coincidence models -- Conclusion -- Further reading.
6. The statistical association : just coincidence? -- Introduction -- Previous reviews -- Involvement in drug use and involvement in crime -- Summary -- Frequency of drug use and frequency of crime -- Summary -- Disaggregating the drugs-crime relationship -- Types of drug and types of crime -- Types of drug user and types of offender -- Summary -- Multiple drug use and crime -- Economic explanations -- Psychopharmacological explanations -- Lifestyle explanations -- Prevalence of multiple drug use and crime -- Number of drug types used and crime -- Combinations of drug types used and crime -- Summary -- Conclusion -- Further reading.
7. The causal connection : more than coincidence? -- Introduction -- 'Age-of-onset' studies -- Drug users -- Offenders -- General population -- Summary -- 'Changes-over-time' studies -- Drug users -- Offenders -- General population -- Summary -- Qualitative research -- Drug use causes crime -- Crime causes drug use -- Crime and drug use are reciprocal -- No causal connection -- Summary -- Conclusion -- Further reading.
8. The effectiveness of interventions -- Introduction -- Previous reviews of treatment -- Previous reviews of criminal justice programmes -- Treatment -- Description of programmes -- Effectiveness of programmes -- Criminal justice programmes -- Description of programmes -- Effectiveness of programmes -- Variations by the type of programme -- Variations by intensity of the programme -- Variations by the characteristics of subjects -- Conclusion -- Further reading.
9. The nature of the solution -- Introduction -- What do we know about the drugs-crime connection? -- What do we know about the extent of drug misuse? -- What is the nature of the drugs-crime connection? -- How can the connection be explained? -- What research evidence is there that drugs and crime are connected? -- What research evidence is there that drug misuse causes crime? -- What do we know about methods for tackling drug-related crime? -- What laws and policies address the drugs-crime connection? -- How effective are these laws and policies in reducing drug-related crime? -- What lessons can be learned for current government policy? -- Has the anti-drugs strategy worked? -- The importance of type of intervention -- The importance of the quality of the intervention -- The importance of matching subjects and treatments -- What lessons can be learned for research methods? -- Lessons from research on the drugs-crime connection -- Lessons from evaluations of interventions -- Where now? -- Further reading.
Summary What is the connection between drugs, alcohol and crime? What works in reducing drugs and alcohol-related crime? The book provides a succinct overview of current theory and research on the links between drugs, alcohol use and crime. It discusses the legal and social context of drug and alcohol use and identifies current levels of consumption. Focusing on the UK context, it also takes into account international research where appropriate. Detailed review of the research literature on the connections between drug use and crime Examines the current government anti-drugs policy and assesses the effectiveness of programmes that have been used to reduce drug and alcohol-related crime. The book concludes that future government drugs policy should pay particular attention to the lessons learned from research on the connection between drug and alcohol use and crime.; Ideal for criminology, criminal justice, social policy and social work students, this book will also be a useful source of information for policy makers, the police, probation workers, social workers, drugs and alcohol counsellors, treatment agencies, sentencers, voluntary agencies, Drug Action Teams, and others with an interest in research on drugs and crime.
Note Print version record.
Access Use copy Restrictions unspecified star
Reproduction Electronic reproduction. [Place of publication not identified] : HathiTrust Digital Library, 2010.
System Details Master and use copy. Digital master created according to Benchmark for Faithful Digital Reproductions of Monographs and Serials, Version 1. Digital Library Federation, December 2002. http://purl.oclc.org/DLF/benchrepro0212
Note digitized 2010 HathiTrust Digital Library committed to preserve pda
English.
ISBN 9780335224234 (electronic bk.)
0335224237 (electronic bk.)
1280950749
9781280950742
0335212573
9780335212576
9780335212583 (cased)
0335212581 (cased)
0335212573 (pbk.)
9780335212576 (pbk.)
ISBN/ISSN 9780335212576
OCLC # 244177335
Additional Format Print version: Bennett, Trevor. Understanding drugs, alcohol and crime. Maidenhead : Open University Press, 2005 9780335212583 0335212581 (OCoLC)58554497



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