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Author Stokland, Jogeir N.
Title Biodiversity in Dead Wood.
Imprint Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2012.

Author Stokland, Jogeir N.
Series Ecology, Biodiversity and Conservation
Ecology, biodiversity, and conservation.
Subject Forest biodiversity.
Forest litter -- Biodegradation.
Wood -- Deterioration.
Forest ecology.
Wood-decaying fungi.
Saproxylic insects.
Alt Name Siitonen, Juha.
Jonsson, Bengt Gunnar.
Description 1 online resource (526 pages).
Contents Cover; Biodiversity in Dead Wood; Series; Title; Copyright; Dedication; Contents; Preface; 1: Introduction; 1.1 Biodiversity in decaying wood; 1.2 Saproxylic species: defining the concept; 1.3 Structure of the book; 1.4 Knowledge, disciplines and perspectives; 2: Wood decomposition; 2.1 Structural wood components; 2.1.1 Cellulose; 2.1.2 Hemicellulose; 2.1.3 Lignin; 2.1.4 Cell structure; 2.2 Enzymatic degradation of wood; 2.2.1 Cellulose degradation; 2.2.2 Hemicellulose degradation; 2.2.3 Lignin degradation; 2.2.4 Sugar degradation; 2.3 Fungal decomposition and rot types; 2.3.1 White rot.
2.3.2 Brown rot2.3.3 Soft rot; 2.4 Bacterial wood degradation; 2.5 Animal degradation of wood; 2.5.1 Physical destruction; 2.5.2 Enzymatic digestion; 2.6 Ecological aspects; 3: The saproxylic food web; 3.1 Sugar fungi and wood-decaying fungi; 3.1.1 Sugar fungi and staining fungi; 3.1.2 Structural wood decayers; 3.1.3 Residual wood decayers; 3.2 Detritivores; 3.2.1 Nutritional value of woody material; 3.2.2 Sap feeders; 3.2.3 Inner bark consumers; 3.2.4 Wood consumers; 3.2.5 Consumers of fungus-infested wood; 3.3 Fungivores; 3.3.1 Fruiting-body feeders; 3.3.2 Spore feeders.
3.3.3 Mycelium feeders3.3.4 Ambrosia feeders; 3.4 Scavengers; 3.5 Predators; 3.5.1 Typical predators; 3.5.2 Facultative predators; 3.6 Predatory fungi; 3.7 Parasites; 3.7.1 True parasites; 3.7.2 Parasitoids; 3.7.3 Hyperparasitoids; 3.8 Mycoparasites; 3.9 Mycorrhizal fungi; 3.10 Fungicolous fungi; 3.11 Ecological perspectives; 3.11.1 Trophic interactions; 3.11.2 Food web compartments; 3.11.3 Functional roles and species interactions; 4: Other associations with dead woody material; 4.1 Vertebrates; 4.1.1 Nesting and roosting in cavities; 4.1.2 Formation and availability of tree cavities.
4.1.3 Cavity-nesting birds4.1.4 Mammals using tree cavities and logs; 4.1.5 Reptiles and amphibians using tree cavities and logs; 4.2 Invertebrates; 4.2.1 Nesting in dead wood; 4.2.2 Associates of insect nests; 4.2.3 Associates of vertebrate nests; 4.2.4 Invertebrates hibernating and aestivating in dead trees; 4.3 Epixylic species: life on the surface; 4.3.1 Epixylic bryophytes; 4.3.2 Epixylic lichens; 5: Host-tree associations; 5.1 Conifers versus broadleaved trees; 5.1.1 Host association patterns in northern Europe; 5.1.2 Wood-inhabiting fungi; 5.1.3 Wood-inhabiting invertebrates.
5.2 Diversity and phylogeny of trees5.2.1 Tree ferns; 5.2.2 Ancient tree lineages; 5.2.3 Conifers; 5.2.4 Broadleaved trees; 5.3 Differences between the wood of conifers and broadleaved trees; 5.3.1 Lignin; 5.3.2 Hemicellulose and cellulose; 5.4 Defence systems in trees; 5.4.1 Bark; 5.4.2 Outer bark; 5.4.3 Inner bark; 5.4.4 Sapwood; 5.4.5 Heartwood; 5.4.6 Life-history strategies and defence systems; 5.5 Host-tree preferences and decay; 5.6 Hypotheses about host-tree associations; 5.6.1 Empirical basis; 5.6.2 Tree-based hypotheses; 5.6.3 Species-based hypotheses; 5.6.4 Host diversity hypothesis.
Note 6: Mortality factors and decay succession.
Summary A comprehensive overview of wood-inhabiting fungi, insects and vertebrates, discussing habitat requirements along with strategies for maintaining biodiversity.
Bibliography Note Includes bibliographical references and index.
Note Print version record.
ISBN 9781139376785
9781139379649 (electronic bk.)
113937964X (electronic bk.)
ISBN/ISSN 9786613640840
OCLC # 794327682
Additional Format Print version: Stokland, Jogeir N. Biodiversity in Dead Wood. Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, ©2012 9780521888738

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