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Title Biochemical mechanisms of detoxification in higher plants : basis of phytoremediation / George Kvesitadze [and others].
Imprint Berlin ; New York : Springer, 2006.

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Subject Phytoremediation.
Plants -- Metabolism.
Plants -- Effect of pollution on.
Metabolic detoxification.
Plants -- metabolism.
Biodegradation, Environmental.
Alt Name Kvesitadze, G. I. (Georgiĭ Ivanovich)
Description 1 online resource (viii, 262 pages) : illustrations
Bibliography Note Includes bibliographical references (pages 209-243) and index.
Contents Cover -- Table of contents -- 1 Contaminants in the environment -- 1.1 Environmental contaminants -- 1.1.1 Pesticides -- 1.1.2 Dioxins -- 1.1.3 Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) -- 1.1.4 Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) -- 1.1.5 Phthalates -- 1.1.6 Surfactants -- 1.1.7 2,4,6-Trinitrotoluene (TNT) -- 1.1.8 Chlorinated alkanes and alkenes -- 1.1.9 Benzene and its homologues -- 1.1.10 Heavy metals -- 1.1.11 Gaseous contaminants -- 1.2 Migration of contaminants into different ecological systems -- 1.2.1 Migration of contaminants between soil and water -- 1.2.2 Migration of contaminants between water and air -- 1.2.3 Migration of contaminants between soil and air -- 1.2.4 Geographical migration of contaminants -- 1.2.5 Biotic migration of contaminants -- 1.2.6 Local contamination of ecosystems -- 2 Uptake, translocation and effects of contaminants in plants -- 2.1 Physiological aspects of absorption and translocation of contaminants in plants -- 2.1.1 Absorption of environmental contaminants by leaves -- 2.1.2 Penetration of contaminants into roots -- 2.1.3 Penetration of contaminants into the seeds -- 2.1.4 Translocation of environmental contaminants in plants -- 2.2 The action of environmental contaminants on the plant cell -- 2.2.1 Changes in cell ultrastructure -- 2.2.2 Changes in the activities of regular metabolism enzymes -- 3 The fate of organic contaminants in the plant cell -- 3.1 Transformation of environmental contaminants in plants -- 3.2 Excretion -- 3.3 Transformation -- 3.3.1 Conjugation with endogenous compounds -- 3.3.2 Degradation pathways -- 3.3.3 Enzymes transforming organic contaminants -- 4 The ecological importance of plants for contaminated environments -- 4.1 Plants for phytoremediation -- 4.2 Phytoremediation technologies -- 4.2.1 Phytotransformation -- 4.2.2 Phytoextraction -- 4.2.3 Rhizofiltration -- 4.2.4 Rhizodegradation -- 4.2.5 Hydraulic control -- 4.2.6 Phytostabilization -- 4.2.7 Phytovolatilization -- 4.2.8 Cleaning of the air -- 4.3 Transgenic plants in phytoremediation -- 4.4 The cost of phytoremediation technologies -- 4.5 Phytoremediation -- an effective natural tool for a healthy planet -- References -- Index -- Last Page.
Summary Plants play a key role in purifying the biosphere of the toxic effects of industrial activity. This book shows how systematic application of the results of investigations into the metabolism of xenobiotics (foreign, often toxic substances) in plants could make a vastly increased contribution to planetary well-being. Deep physiological knowledge gained from an accumulation of experimental data enables the great differences between the detoxifying abilities of different plants for compounds of different chemical nature to be optimally exploited. Hence planting could be far more systematically adapted to actual environmental needs than is actually the case at present. The book could form the basis of specialist courses in universities and polytechnics devoted to environmental management, and advanced courses in plant physiology and biochemistry, for botany and integrative biology students. Fundamental plant physiology and biochemistry from the molecular level to whole plants and ecosystems are interwoven in a powerful and natural way, making this a unique contribution to the field.
ISBN 3540289968 (hd. bd.)
9783540289968 (hd. bd.)
3540289976 (e-book)
9783540289975 (e-book)
1280610506
9781280610509
6610610509
9786610610501
ISBN/ISSN 103540289968
139783540289968
OCLC # 68474054
Additional Format Print version: Biochemical mechanisms of detoxification in higher plants. Berlin ; New York : Springer, 2006 3540289968 (DLC) 2005932549 (OCoLC)63763972


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