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Title Radioisotope thin-film powered microsystems / Rajesh Duggirala, Amit Lal, Shankar Radhakrishnan.
Imprint New York : Springer, 2010.

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Series MEMS Reference Shelf
MEMS reference shelf.
Subject Microelectromechanical systems.
Thin-film circuits.
Semiconductor films.
Alt Name Duggirala, Rajesh.
Lal, Amit Kumar, 1966-
Radhakrishnan, Shankar.
Description 1 online resource (xxxiii, 198 pages).
Bibliography Note Includes bibliographical references and index.
Contents Cover13; -- Radioisotope Thin-Film Powered Microsystems -- Preface -- Acknowledgement -- Table of Contents -- List of Figures -- List of Tables -- Chapter 1 Radioactivity and Radioisotopes -- 1.1 Introduction -- 1.2 Radioactive Decay -- 1.3 Radioactive Decay Law -- 1.4 Types of Radioactive Decay -- Alpha Decay -- Beta decay -- Gamma Decay -- Electron Capture -- Spontaneous Fission -- Neutron Emission -- Proton Emission -- 1.5 Interaction of Ionizing Radiation with Matter -- Alpha Radiation -- Beta Radiation -- Gamma Radiation -- Dose and Dose Rate -- 1.6 Radiation Safety -- Safe Radioisotope Fuels Suitable for TerrestrialApplications -- Safe Radioisotope Fuels Suitable for Long LifetimeMicrobatteries in Terrestrial Applications -- 1.7 Availability of Radioisotopes -- 1.7.1 Tritium -- 1.7.2 Nickel-63 -- 1.7.3 Promethium-147 -- Chapter 2 Radioisotope Thin Films for Microsystems -- 2.1 Introduction -- 2.2 Radioisotope Micropower Generation -- 2.2.1 Radioisotope Thin Film Fuels -- 2.2.2 Power Density, Energy Density, and Lifetime of Radioisotope Fuels -- 2.2.3 Review of Radioisotope MicropowerGeneration -- 2.2.4 63Ni Micropower Generation -- 2.2.5 147Pm Micropower Generation -- 2.3 Radioisotope Direct Charged VoltageBiases for Autonomous Sensors -- 2.3.1 63Ni Thin Film Generated VoltageBias for Self-powered Sensors -- 2.4 Radioisotope Decay Rate based Counting Clock -- Chapter 3 Radioisotope Micropower Generation:Microfabricated Reciprocating Electro-MechanicalPower Generators -- 3.1 Introduction -- 3.2 Design -- 3.2.1 Radioisotope-Charged ElectrostaticActuation Dynamics -- 3.2.2 Piezoelectric Power Generation -- 3.2.3 Energy Conversion Efficiency -- 3.2.4 Radioisotope Fuel Source Design -- 3.2.5 Piezoelectric Material Selection -- 3.3 Fabrication -- 3.4 Testing and Results -- 3.4.1 Radioisotope Actuation Dynamics -- 3.4.2 Power Generation Characteristics -- 3.5 Discussion -- 3.5.1 Performance Variation with VacuumChamber Pressure -- 3.5.2 Performance Variation with Radioisotope Specific Activity -- 3.5.3 Performance Variation with Radioisotope Fuel Fill Factor -- 3.6 Conclusions -- Chapter 4 Radioisotope Micropower Generation:Integrated Radioisotope ActuatedElectro-Mechanical Power Generators -- 4.1 Introduction -- 4.2 Principle of Operation -- 4.2.1 Charging Phase: BetavoltaicPower Output -- 4.2.2 Discharge Phase: Wireless RF SignalGeneration -- 4.2.3 Vibration Phase: PiezoelectricPower Generation -- 4.2.4 Energy Conversion Efficiency -- 4.3 Fabrication -- 4.4 Testing and Results -- 4.4.1 Betavoltaic Power Generation -- 4.4.2 Wireless RF Pulse Generation -- 4.4.3 IREMPG Energy Conversion Efficiency -- 4.5 Discussion -- 4.5.1 Betavoltaic Power Generation -- 4.6 Conclusions -- 4.7 Future Directions -- Chapter 5 Radioisotope Micropower Generation: 3D Silicon Electronvoltaics -- 5.1 Introduction -- 5.2 Betavoltaics -- 5.2.1 Operation -- 5.2.2 Theory -- 5.3 Five Milliwatt per cubic centimeter, five Year Lifetime Microbattery Design -- 5.3.1 Radioisotope Thin Film Design -- 5.3.2 3D Silicon Betavoltaic Design -- 5.4 Fabrication -- 5.5 Testing and Results -- 5.6 Discussion -- 5.7 Conclusions -- 5.8 Future Directions -- Chapter AutonomousWireless Sensors -- 6.1 Introduction -- 6.2 63Ni Powered Autonomous WirelessHumidity.
Summary "Radioisotope Thin-Film Powered Microsystems" describes the use of radioisotopes in enabling compact long lifetime wireless sensor Microsystems for applications including environmental, medical and industrial monitoring. The book introduces several novel devices that exploit the many unique properties of radioactivity to enable the utilization of low quantities of relatively safe radioisotopes in realizing the various components required in microsystems. The book presents:-Radioisotope thin film actuated reciprocating microelectromechanical power generators that utilize low quantities of high energy density of radioisotope fuels to realize safe and compact long lifetime microbatteries, -3D silicon electronvoltaics and concepts for 3D betavoltaics that maximize the packing density of high energy density radioisotope fuel to realize very high energy density microbatteries, -Long lifetime autonomous wireless sensors based on modulated RF generation from discharge of radioisotope direct charge actuated reciprocating cantilevers, and-Ultra low-power beta radiation counting clocks and true random number generators based on the near constant probability of decay of radioactive nuclei, while providing information on how to safely apply radioisotope thin-films across numerous devices to create long lifetime sensors. This volume will be valuable for engineers and researchers working in Microsystems
ISBN 9781441967633 (electronic bk.)
144196763X (electronic bk.)
1282981854
9781282981850
1441967621
9781441967626
9781441967626 (hardcover ; alk. paper)
ISBN/ISSN 10.1007/978-1-4419-6763-3.
OCLC # 676697693
Additional Format Print version: Radioisotope thin-film powered microsystems. New York : Springer, 2010 9781441967626



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