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Author Ma, Guowei,
Title Risk analysis of vapour cloud explosions for oil and gas facilities / Guowei Ma, Yimiao Huang and Jingde Li.
Imprint Singapore : Springer, [2019]

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Author Ma, Guowei,
Subject Explosions -- Mathematical models.
Hazardous substances -- Risk assessment.
Industrial accidents.
Alt Name Huang, Yimiao,
Li, Jingde,
Description 1 online resource
polychrome rdacc
Note Vendor-supplied metadata.
Contents Intro; Preface; Contents; 1 Introduction; 1.1 Background; 1.2 Formation of VCEs; 1.2.1 Gas Release; 1.2.2 Dispersion and Ventilation; 1.3 Ignition; 1.4 Combustion Properties of Fuel-Air Mixtures; 1.5 Deflagrations and Detonations; 1.5.1 Deflagrations; 1.5.2 Detonation; 1.5.3 Deflagration to Detonation Transition (DDT); 1.6 Facility Conditions; 1.7 Overpressure Prediction; References; 2 VCE Overpressure Prediction Using Empirical Methods; 2.1 TNT Equivalency Model; 2.2 TNO Multi-Energy Model; 2.3 Baker-Strehlow-Tang Model; 2.4 Applications of Empirical Models Using PHAST
2.4.1 Introduction to DNV PHAST2.4.2 Case Study; 2.5 Summary; References; 3 VCE Overpressure Prediction by CFD Modelling; 3.1 Methodology of CFD Simulation; 3.1.1 Fluid Flow Equations; 3.1.2 Stoichiometry; 3.1.3 Thermodynamic Relationships; 3.1.4 Ignition Process; 3.1.5 Geometry Counting and Porosity Calculations; 3.1.6 Boundary Conditions; 3.2 Modelling Turbulence and Combustion; 3.2.1 Turbulence Model; 3.2.2 Combustion Model; 3.3 Numerical Procedure; 3.3.1 Conservation Equations in Finite Domain; 3.3.2 Finite Domain Calculations; 3.3.3 The Continuity and Momentum Equations in Finite Domain
3.3.4 Calculation Procedure3.4 Simulation Flow Chart; 3.5 Simulation Examples; 3.5.1 Geometry; 3.5.2 Definition of Grid and Calculation of Porosities; 3.5.3 Gas Dispersion Simulation; 3.5.4 Gas Explosion Simulation; 3.6 Summary; References; 4 CFD-Based Overpressure Prediction for Single Modules-Extended GAME Correlation; 4.1 Introduction; 4.2 The GAME Correlations and CFD Case Studies; 4.2.1 GAME Correlations; 4.2.2 Modules Tested in CFD Simulations; 4.2.3 Verification of GAME Correlation by Case Study; 4.3 Parametric Studies and Development of a New Correlation
4.3.1 Conceptual Definition of Confinement and Congestion4.3.2 Definition of Parameters; 4.3.3 Proposition of New Correlation; 4.3.4 Verification of the New Correlation; 4.3.5 Discussions; 4.4 Evaluation of Explosion Overpressures in Irregularly Structured Configurations Using New Correlation; 4.4.1 Definition of Regularity or Irregularity of Confinement and Congestion; 4.4.2 Application of CSC to Irregularly Arranged Modules; 4.4.3 Rapid Prediction of Structural Damage; 4.5 Summary; References; 5 CFD-Based Overpressure Prediction for Double Modules-Data-Dump Technique; 5.1 Introduction
5.2 Numerical Models for Separated Congestions in Double Modules5.2.1 Experimental Set-up; 5.2.2 CFD Modelling Using FLACS; 5.3 Results and Discussions; 5.3.1 Gas Explosion Overpressures with a Small Separation Distance in the Double Modules; 5.3.2 Gas Explosion Overpressures with a Large Separation Distance in the Double Modules; 5.3.3 Data-Dump Technique; 5.4 Summary; References; 6 CFD-Based Overpressure Prediction for Congested Multi-Modules-Safety Gap Effect; 6.1 Introduction; 6.2 Numerical Models; 6.2.1 Ship-Shaped FLNG; 6.2.2 Cylindrical FLNG; 6.3 Safety Gap Effect on Gas Explosion
Summary This book focuses on describing and applying risk analysis of vapour cloud explosions (VCEs) in various oil and gas facilities, such as petrol stations, processing plants, and offshore platforms. Discussing most of the complicated features of gas explosion accidents, the book studies in detail the gas explosion risk analysis approaches of different oil and gas facilities in order to develop more accurate, detailed, efficient and reliable risk analysis methods for VCEs under different conditions. Moreover, it introduces an advanced overpressure approach to predict VCEs using computational fluid dynamics (CFD) modelling, and details applications of CFD using a FLame ACceleration Simulator (FLACS). The book is intended for researchers and organisations engaged in risk and safety assessments of VCEs in the oil and gas industry.
ISBN 9789811379482 (electronic bk.)
9811379483 (electronic bk.)
ISBN/ISSN 10.1007/978-981-13-7
OCLC # 1101101089
Additional Format Printed edition: 9789811379475.
Printed edition: 9789811379499.
Printed edition: 9789811379505.

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