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Author Levinson, Stephen C.
Title Presumptive meanings : the theory of generalized conversational implicature / Stephen C. Levinson.
Imprint Cambridge, Mass. : MIT Press, 2000.

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Author Levinson, Stephen C.
Series Language, speech, and communication
Language, speech, and communication.
Subject Semantics.
Formal languages -- Semantics.
Implication (Logic)
Grammar, Comparative and general.
Description 1 online resource (xxiii, 480 pages)
Note "A Bradford book."
Bibliography Note Includes bibliographical references (pages 425-450) and indexes.
Note Print version record.
Summary Annotation When we speak, we mean more than we say. In this book Stephen C. Levinson explains some general processes that underlie presumptions in communication. This is the first extended discussion of preferred interpretation in language understanding, integrating much of the best research in linguistic pragmatics from the last two decades. Levinson outlines a theory of presumptive meanings, or preferred interpretations, governing the use of language, building on the idea of implicature developed by the philosopher H.P. Grice. Some of the indirect information carried by speech is presumed by default because it is carried by general principles, rather than inferred from specific assumptions about intention and context. Levinson examines this class of general pragmatic inferences in detail, showing how they apply to a wide range of linguistic constructions. This approach has radical consequences for how we think about language and communication.
Note English.
Contents Conventions -- Preface -- Note to Students -- Acknowledgments -- Introduction -- 1. On the Notion of a Generalized Coversational Inplicature -- 2. The Phenomena -- 3. Generalized Conversational Implicature and the Semantics/ Pragmatics Interface -- 4. Grammer and Implicature: Sentential Anaphora Reexamined -- 5. Epilogue -- Notes -- References -- Name Index -- Subject Index.
ISBN 9780262278256 (electronic bk.)
0262278251 (electronic bk.)
0585272573 (electronic bk.)
9780585272573 (electronic bk.)
0262122189 (alk. paper)
9780262122184 (alk. paper)
0262621304 (pbk. ; alk. paper)
9780262621304 (pbk. ; alk. paper)
OCLC # 45733473
Additional Format Print version: Levinson, Stephen C. Presumptive meanings. Cambridge, Mass. : MIT Press, 2000 0262621304 (DLC) 99046140 (OCoLC)42393541
Table of Contents
 Note to Students 
Ch. 1On the Notion of a Generalized Conversational Implicature11
 1.0The Argument11
 1.1Grice's Program12
 1.2Three Layers versus Two in the Theory of Communication21
 1.3The Argument from Design: The Maxims as Heuristics27
 1.4A Typology of GCIs35
 1.5Non-monotonicity and Default Reasoning42
 1.6Against Reduction of GCIs to Nonce Speaker-Meaning54
 1.7Generalized Implicature and Stable Patterns of Lexicalization64
Ch. 2The Phenomena73
 2.2The Q Principle75
 2.3Exploring I-Inferences112
 2.4M-Implicatures and Horn's Division of Labor135
 2.5The Joint Effect of Q-, I- and M-Implicatures153
Ch. 3Generalized Conversational Implicature and the Semantics/Pragmatics Interface165
 3.2The Received View: Semantics as Input to Pragmatics170
 3.3Intrusive Constructions198
 3.4The Argument from Reference217
 3.5Some Implications236
Ch. 4Grammar and Implicature: Sentential Anaphora Reexamined261
 4.1Grammar and Implicature261
 4.2Implicature and Coreference267
 4.3Binding Theory and Pragmatics280
 4.4The B-then-A Account: Synthesis of the A-First and B-First Accounts345
Ch. 5Epilogue367
 5.1Predictive Power of the Theory of GCIs368
 5.2Presumptive Inference and General Reasoning371
 5.3Role of GCIs in Linguistic Theory374
 Name Index451
 Subject Index457

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