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Author Beckert, Michel,
Title Effects of herbicide-tolerant crop cultivation : investigating the durability of a weed management tool / Michel Beckert, Yves Dessaux.
Imprint Dordrecht, Netherlands : Springer, 2016.

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Author Beckert, Michel,
Subject Herbicide-resistant crops.
Alt Name Dessaux, Yves,
Description 1 online resource
polychrome rdacc
Contents Foreword; Context oftheEvaluation Request: Questions Submitted totheINRA andCNRS; A Few Preliminary Definitions; Methods andScope ofThis ESCo; Organisation oftheSummary Document; Acknowledgement; Contents; List of Authors; Chapter 1: Mechanisms ofHerbicide Resistance andHTV Breeding Techniques; 1.1 From Herbicide Modes ofAction toGenetic Determinants oftheHT Trait; 1.1.1 Biological Mechanisms ofHerbicide Resistance inPlants; Herbicide Modes ofAction; Mechanisms ofHerbicide Resistance; 1.1.2 Resistance toDifferent Herbicide Classes. Resistance toClass C Herbicides: Inhibitors ofPhotosynthesis1.1.2.2 Resistance toClass B Herbicides: ALS Inhibitors; Resistance toClass AHerbicides: ACCase Inhibitors; Resistance toClass G Herbicides: EPSPS Inhibitors; Resistance toClass H Herbicides: GS Inhibitors; 1.2 Introducing theHT Trait intotheGenome ofaCultivated Species; 1.2.1 Use ofSpontaneous andInduced Mutations; Use ofSpontaneous Mutations; Inducing Mutations via Mutagenesis; 1.2.2 Transgenesis; Classic Methods forInserting theTransgene.
Methods ofTransformationCurrent Applications forHTV Development; Transformation ofChloroplasts; Verification ofTransformation Success andConformity withEuropean Law; Characterisation ofTransgene Insertion; Excision ofMarker Genes; 1.3 Perspectives ontheEvolution ofHTV Breeding Techniques; 1.3.1 TILLING, theHigh-Speed Screening ofMutants; 1.3.2 Targeted Modifications oftheGenome; Use ofZinc Finger Nucleases; Utilisation ofOligonucleotides; 1.4 Existing HTVs; 1.4.1 The First HTVs: Use ofResistant Mutants; 1.4.2 The Development ofTransgenic HTVs.
1.4.3 Effects oftheHT Trait onPlant Growth andReproduction1.4.3.1 The Case ofAtrazine Tolerance inAtrazine-Tolerant OilseedRape; Varieties Tolerant toSulfonylureas andtoImidazolinones; Yield Studies forTransgenic HTVs; Secondary Effects; 1.5 Conclusions; Chapter 2: HTV Diffusion andUse; 2.1 HTV Adoption Worldwide; 2.1.1 Adoption ofTransgenic Varieties Tolerant toaNon-selective Herbicide; Global Data; Specific World Regions; 2.1.2 Adoption ofHTVs Developed ViaMutation andTolerant toaSelective Herbicide.
2.1.3 HT Spring Oilseed Rape inCanada2.2 Possible Drivers ofHTV Adoption; 2.2.1 A solution forDifficult Weed-Control Situations; Weeds Difficult toEliminate withTraditional Selective Herbicides; Weeds Closely Related totheCrop; 2.2.2 Reduction inQuantities ofHerbicides Used; 2.2.3 Ease ofUse; Compatibility withNo-Till; 2.2.4 Yield andHarvest Quality; 2.3 The North American Example: TheExpansion ofTransgenic HTVs andIts Consequences; 2.3.1 Marketing Strategies forHTVs; Marketing Strategies forHT Seeds andTheir Associated Herbicides.
Summary In France in 2009, several crop destruction campaigns targeted herbicide-tolerant (HT) sunflowers obtained by mutagenesis. Facing this emerging debate on HT crops, the French Ministries in charge of Agriculture and of Ecology asked INRA and CNRS to gather analytical elements with regard to the real effects, both medium and long-term, of the cultivation of HT crops. This book presents the results of a multidisciplinary expert report on these questions, based on a review of the international literature. HT crops may seem to be useful complementary tools when farmers are facing certain difficult weed-management situations or in the context of a diversification of weed-control strategies. Their repeated use, however, can rapidly induce changes int he weed flora that can constitute more complex challenges in terms of weed control. Issues coming up with the development of agricultural production systems including HT crops are the objects of this expert report: what are the perceptions of these varieties by society and the reasons for the adoption by farmers? Are the savings on herbicides promoted by seed companies long-lasting? Can the cultivation of HT crops impact biodiversity? Overall, this work identifies key points to be taken into account when drawing up guidelines that govern the use of HT crops in order to preserve the effectiveness of this innovation over time. A working group was set up from July 2010 to November 2011, including specialists in ecology, agronomy, herbicide chemistry, genetics, economics, sociology and law. the full report is supported by a bibliographic corpus of more than 1,500 references, assembled by three documentation specialists. it is composed primarily of international peer-reviewed scientific articles, complemented by statistical data, monographs and technical reports. From these references, the experts have extracted, analysed and assembled the relevant elements to clarify the questions at hand.
Note Online resource; title from PDF title page (SpringerLink, viewed March 1, 2017).
ISBN 9789402410075 (electronic bk.)
9402410074 (electronic bk.)
9789402410068 (print)
ISBN/ISSN 10.1007/978-94-024-1007-5
OCLC # 973396858
Additional Format Print version: Beckert, Michel. Effects of herbicide-tolerant crop cultivation. Dordrecht, Netherlands : Springer, 2016 9402410066 9789402410068 (OCoLC)959592171

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