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Author Moore, Bob, 1954-
Title Survivors : Jewish self-help and rescue in Nazi-occupied Western Europe / Bob Moore.
Imprint Oxford ; New York : Oxford University Press, 2010.

Author Moore, Bob, 1954-
Subject Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945) -- Europe, Western.
Holocaust survivors -- Europe, Western -- History -- 20th century.
Jews -- Europe, Western -- History -- 20th century.
World War, 1939-1945 -- Jews -- Rescue.
Direct action -- Europe, Western -- History -- 20th century.
Passive resistance -- Europe, Western -- History -- 20th century.
Escapes -- Europe, Western -- History -- 20th century.
Hiding places -- Europe, Western -- History -- 20th century.
World War, 1939-1945 -- Jews -- Europe, Western.
Description xv, 512 pages : illustrations, maps, portraits ; 24 cm
Bibliography Note Includes bibliographical references (p. [459]-496) and index.
Contents Escape in the first months -- The chaos of May-June 1940 -- Diplomats as rescuers -- Vladimír Vochoč -- Private enterprise -- Quakers, YMCA and the coordination committee -- Fleeing the captor : escape from France and the Low Countries -- Pilots and prisoners of war -- Smugglers and new forms of contraband -- Dutch-Paris -- The Westerweel Group -- Escapee stories -- Swedish havens. Escape from Norway ; The icon of rescue : escape from Denmark -- Rescue and hiding in France. Jewish resistance and self-help -- The era of deportations -- Rescue in Paris and the occupied zone -- Survival in the Vichy zone -- The Nîmes Committee and its operations -- The Quakers -- Le Chambon-sur-Lignon and other Protestant communities -- Dieulefit -- Protection in the Italian Zone -- "Other" Jews -- Conclusion : survival in France -- Jewish self-help in Belgium -- The Jews of Belgium their Christian neighbours -- Jewish self-help -- Direct action : the twentieth convoy -- Non-Jewish rescuers in Belgium -- Helping hands -- The Catholic Church -- Rescuers among the demi-monde -- A country divided -- The catastrophe of Dutch Jewry -- Jewish community leadership -- Self-help and individual rescuers -- The first networks -- Too little, too late : organized resistance and rescue -- Organized help -- Friesland and Groningen -- Overijssel and Drenthe -- Limburg -- The "Philips Jews" -- Conclusions -- Suffer the little children ... -- Children as a special case -- Saving Jewish children : France -- Saving Jewish children : Belgium -- At the eleventh hour : saving Jewish children in the Netherlands -- Rescue networks : the role of student societies and illegal newspapers -- The crèche at the Schouwburg -- Widening participation : the networks in the provinces -- Finding homes --The darker side of rescue -- Nazi rescuers and Jewish traitors -- Nazis as rescuers -- Self-help : salvation through treason.
Summary Survivors is the first examination of how more than half of the Jews in Western Europe survived the Holocaust. The widely differing rates of Jewish mortality have long vexed historians, who have traditionally concentrated on explaining this problem through national studies or by using a comparative approach, concentrating on the role of perpetrators, victims, and circumstances. In contrast, Survivors emphasizes the factors that helped Jews to avoid deportation, either through escape or by going underground. Taken as a whole, it book provides the first comprehensive study of Jewish survival in Western Europe in all its forms. Firstly, the book focuses on the escape routes used by Jews fleeing from the Nazis, and the disparate networks that ran them, including the routes from France into Spain and Switzerland, but also the lesser know history of the escape of Norwegian Jewry and the famous rescue from Denmark in 1943. Few of these networks were exclusively devoted to helping Jews -- in fact, most of them helped all manner of people, including Allied aircrew, escaping Prisoners of War, and political opponents. Moreover, they were not exclusively the product of the Second World War -- as Bob Moore shows, many had linkages with resistance in the First World War, and indeed to opposition to state power stretching back centuries. The second half of the book is devoted to three national case studies (France, Belgium, and the Netherlands) that focus on the interrelationship between Jewish self-help and the individuals and organizations that assisted in hiding them, including the Christian churches. These case studies serve to highlight the very different circumstances and structures pertaining in these three countries and how this had a direct bearing on levels of survival. Separate chapters then deal with the case of child rescue and the motivations of those involved in this most contentious of issues. Finally, the spotlight is turned on cases where Jews were saved, either directly or indirectly, by the Nazis themselves - and on the vexed question of Jews who survived by collaborating with the arrest and deportation of their co-religionists. - Publisher.
ISBN 9780199208234 (hbk.)
0199208239 (hbk.)
OCLC # 501394994
Table of Contents
 List of Illustrations 
 List of Maps 
2Escape in the First Months15
 The Chaos of May-June 194015
 Diplomats as Rescuers19
 Aristide de Sousa Mendes19
 Vladimir Vochoc24
 Arie Sevenster and the Offices Neerlandais28
 Private Enterprise31
 Varian Fry and the Emergency Rescue Committee31
 Quakers, YMCA and the Coordination Committee42
3Fleeing the Captor: Escape from France and the Low Countries50
 Pilots and Prisoners of War50
 Smugglers and New Forms of Contraband54
 The Westerweel Group64
 Escapee Stories68
4Swedish Havens71
 Escape from Norway71
 The Icon of Rescue: Escape from Denmark84
5Rescue and Hiding in France99
 Jewish Resistance and Self-Help102
 The Era of Deportations110
 Rescue in Paris and the Occupied Zone113
6Survival in the Vichy Zone123
 The Nimes Committee and its Organizations123
 The Quakers139
 Le Chambon-sur-Lignon and other Protestant Communities142
 Protection in the Italian Zone151
 Òther' Jews160
 Conclusion: Survival in France162
7Jewish Self-Help in Belgium166
 The Jews of Belgium and their Christian Neighbours166
 Jewish Self-Help171
 Direct Action: The Twentieth Convoy179
8Non-Jewish Rescuers in Belgium188
 Helping Hands188
 The Catholic Church192
 Rescuers among the Demi-Monde202
 A Country Divided205
9The Catastrophe of Dutch Jewry208
 Jewish Community Leadership208
 Self-Help and Individual Rescuers214
 The First Networks225
10Too Little, Too Late, Organized Resistance and Rescue234
 Organized Help234
 Friesland and Groningen240
 Overijssel and Drenthe243
 The P̀hilips Jews'253
11Suffer the Little Children260
 Children as a Special Case260
 Saving Jewish Children: France262
 Saving Jewish Children: Belgium276
12At the Elevent Hour: Saving Jewish Children in the Netherlands296
 Rescue Networks: The Role of Student Societies and Illegal Newspapers296
 The Creche at the Schouwburg304
 Widening Participation: The Network in the Provinces311
 Finding Homes318
 The Darker Side of Rescue324
13Nazi Rescuers and Jewish Traitors330
 Nazis as Rescuers330
 Self-Help: Salvation Through Treason345
 List of Works Cited459

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