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EBOOK
Title Newton's apple and other myths about science / edited by Ronald L. Numbers and Kostas Kampourakis.
Imprint Cambridge, Massachusetts : Harvard University Press, 2015.

Subject Science -- Public opinion -- Popular works.
Science -- History -- Popular works.
Discoveries in science -- History -- Popular works.
Science -- Methodology -- Popular works.
Errors, Scientific -- Popular works.
Errors, Scientific -- History -- Popular works.
Science.
Public Opinion.
Alt Name Numbers, Ronald L.,
Kampourakis, Kostas,
Description 1 online resource (xiv, 287 pages)
Bibliography Note Includes bibliographical references and index.
Contents Medieval and early modern science -- Myth 1. That there was no scientific activity between Greek antiquity and the scientific revolution / Michael H. Shank -- Myth 2. That before Columbus geographers and other educated people thought the earth was flat / Lesley B. Cormack -- Myth 3. That the copernican revolution demoted the status of the Earth / Michael N. Keas -- Myth 4. That alchemy and astrology were superstitious pursuits that did not contribute to science and scientific understanding / Lawrence M. Principe -- Myth 5. That Galileo publicly refuted Aristotle's conclusions about motion by repeated experiments made from the Campanile of Pisa / John L. Heilbron -- Myth 6. That the apple fell and Newton invented the law of gravity, thus removing God from the cosmos / Patricia Fara -- Nineteenth century -- Myth 7. That Friedrich Wohler's synthesis of urea in 1828 destroyed vitalism and gave rise to organic chemistry / Peter J. Ramberg -- Myth 8. That William Paley raised scientific questions about biological origins that were eventually answered by Charles Darwin / Adam R. Shapiro -- Myth 9. That nineteenth-century geologists were divided into opposing camps of Catastrophists and Uniformitarians / Julie Newell -- Myth 10. That Lamarckian evolution relied largely on use and disuse and that Darwin rejected Lamarckian mechanisms / Richard W. Burkhardt Jr -- Myth 11. That Darwin worked on his theory in secret for twenty years, his fears causing him to delay publication / Robert J. Richards -- Myth 12. That Wallace's and Darwin's explanations of evolution were virtually the same / Michael Ruse -- Myth 13. That Darwinian natural selection has been "the only game in town" / Nicolaas Rupke -- Myth 14. That after Darwin (1871), sexual selection was largely ignored until Robert Trivers (1972) resurrected the theory / Erika Lorraine Milam -- Myth 15. That Louis Pasteur disproved spontaneous generation on the basis of scientific objectivity / Garland E. Allen -- Myth 16. That Gregor Mendel was a lonely pioneer of genetics, being ahead of his time / Kostas Kampourakis -- Myth 17. That "social Darwinism" has had a profound influence on social thought and policy, especially in the United States of America / Ronald L. Numbers -- Twentieth century -- Myth 18. That the Michelson-Morley experiment paved the way for the special theory of relativity / Theodore Arabatzis and Kostas Gavroglu -- Myth 19. That the Millikan oil-drop experiment was simple and straightforward / Mansoor Niaz -- Myth 20. That neo-Darwinism defines evolution as random mutation plus natural selection / David J. Depew -- Myth 21. That melanism in peppered moths is not a genuine example of evolution by natural selection / David W. Rudge -- Myth 22. That Linus Pauling's discovery of the molecular basis of sickle-cell anemia revolutionized medical practice / Bruno J. Strasser -- Myth 23. That the Soviet launch of Sputnik caused the revamping of American science -- Education / John L. Rudolph -- Generalizations -- Myth 24. That religion has typically impeded the progress of science / Peter Harrison -- Myth 25. That science has been largely a solitary enterprise / Kathryn M. Olesko -- Myth 26. That the "scientific method" accurately reflects what scientists actually do / Daniel P. Thurs -- Myth 27. That a clear line of demarcation has separated science from pseudoscience / Michael D. Gordin.
Note Online resource; title from PDF title page (JSTOR, viewed on February 5, 2019).
Summary A falling apple inspired the law of gravity-or so the story goes. Is it true? Perhaps not. But why do such stories endure as explanations of how science happens? Newton's Apple and Other Myths about Science brushes away popular misconceptions to provide a clearer picture of scientific breakthroughs from ancient times to the present.
ISBN 9780674089167 (electronic bk.)
0674089162 (electronic bk.)
0674967984
9780674967984
ISBN/ISSN 10.4159/9780674089167
40025377339
OCLC # 925305924
Additional Format Print version: Newton's apple and other myths about science. Cambridge, Massachusetts : Harvard University Press, 2015 9780674967984 (DLC) 2015014096 (OCoLC)906121832



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