Some OPAL libraries remain closed or are operating at reduced service levels. Materials from those libraries may not be requestable; requested items may take longer to arrive. Note that pickup procedures may differ between libraries. Please contact your library for new procedures, specific requests, or other assistance.
Your session will expire automatically in 0 seconds.
LEADER 00000nam 22005534i 4500
006 m d f
007 cr cn|||||||||
008 040403s2004 dcua sb f000 0 eng
060 10 QV 84
074 0431-E-04 (online)
086 0 TD 4.210:04/4
086 0 TD 4.210:04/4
245 04 The formation of ethanol in postmortem tissues :|bfinal
report /|cRobert D. Johnson ... [and others].
264 1 Washington, DC :|bOffice of Aerospace Medicine, U.S. Dept.
of Transportation, Federal Aviation Administration,
300 i, 11 pages :|bdigital, PDF file
338 online resource|bcr|2rdacarrier
500 Title from PDF title screen (viewed July 15, 2009).
500 "February 2004."
504 Includes bibliographical references (p. 10-11).
520 3 During the investigation of aviation accidents, postmortem
samples obtained from fatal accident victims are submitted
to the FAA's Civil Aerospace Medical Institute for
toxicological analysis. During toxicological evaluations,
ethanol analysis is performed on all cases. Many species
of bacteria, yeast and fungi have the ability to produce
ethanol and other volatile organic compounds in postmortem
specimens. The potential for postmortem ethanol formation
complicates the interpretation of ethanol-positive results
from accident victims. Therefore, the prevention of
ethanol formation at all steps following specimen
collection is a priority.
520 3 Sodium fluoride is the most commonly used preservative for
postmortem specimens. Thus, we frequently rely on tissue
specimens for ethanol analysis. The postmortem tissue
specimens received by our laboratory have generally been
subjected to severe trauma and may have been exposed to
numerous microbial species capable of ethanol production.
With this in mind, we designed an experiment utilizing
unadulterated tissue specimens obtained from aviation
accident victims to determine the effectiveness of sodium
fluoride at various storage temperatures for the
prevention of microbial ethanol formation.
530 Issued also in print.
536 Performed by FAA Civil Aerospace Medical Institute under
538 Mode of access: Internet from the FAA web site. Address as
of 7/15/09: http://www.faa.gov/library/reports/medical/
oamtechreports/2000s/media/0404.pdf ; current access
available via PURL.
650 0 Alcohol in the body.|0http://id.loc.gov/authorities/
650 0 Forensic toxicology.|0http://id.loc.gov/authorities/
650 12 Ethanol|xmetabolism.|0https://id.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
650 22 Accidents, Aviation.|0https://id.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/D000060
650 22 Candida albicans|xmetabolism.|0https://id.nlm.nih.gov/mesh
650 22 Postmortem Changes.|0https://id.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/D011180
650 22 Sodium Fluoride|xtherapeutic use.|0https://id.nlm.nih.gov/
700 1 Johnson, Robert D.|q(Robert David)
710 1 United States.|bOffice of Aerospace Medicine.|0http://
776 0 |tformation of ethanol in postmortem tissues|h11 p.
856 40 |uhttp://purl.access.gpo.gov/GPO/LPS114874