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Sense Of Equilibrium -- See Proprioception Sensory functions that transduce stimuli received by proprioceptive receptors in joints, tendons, muscles, and the INNER EAR into neural impulses to be transmitted to the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM. Proprioception provides sense of stationary positions and movements of one's body parts, and is important in maintaining KINESTHESIA and POSTURAL BALANCE.
Sensilla -- See Also Mechanoreceptors Cells specialized to transduce mechanical stimuli and relay that information centrally in the nervous system. Mechanoreceptor cells include the INNER EAR hair cells, which mediate hearing and balance, and the various somatosensory receptors, often with non-neural accessory structures.
Sensitivity Contact -- See Dermatitis, Contact A type of acute or chronic skin reaction in which sensitivity is manifested by reactivity to materials or substances coming in contact with the skin. It may involve allergic or non-allergic mechanisms.
Sensitization Immunologic -- See Immunization Deliberate stimulation of the host's immune response. ACTIVE IMMUNIZATION involves administration of ANTIGENS or IMMUNOLOGIC ADJUVANTS. PASSIVE IMMUNIZATION involves administration of IMMUNE SERA or LYMPHOCYTES or their extracts (e.g., transfer factor, immune RNA) or transplantation of immunocompetent cell producing tissue (thymus or bone marrow).
Sensorineural Hearing Loss -- See Hearing Loss, Sensorineural Hearing loss resulting from damage to the COCHLEA and the sensorineural elements which lie internally beyond the oval and round windows. These elements include the AUDITORY NERVE and its connections in the BRAINSTEM.
Sensory Agnosia -- See Agnosia Loss of the ability to comprehend the meaning or recognize the importance of various forms of stimulation that cannot be attributed to impairment of a primary sensory modality. Tactile agnosia is characterized by an inability to perceive the shape and nature of an object by touch alone, despite unimpaired sensation to light touch, position, and other primary sensory modalities.
Sensory Aids Japan Congresses : Selected papers from the Japanese Conference on the Advancement of Assistive and Rehabilitation Technology : 23rd JCAART 2008, Niigata. / edited by Hisaichi Ohnabe [and others].
Sensory Art Therapies -- See Also Psychotherapy A generic term for the treatment of mental illness or emotional disturbances primarily by verbal or nonverbal communication.
Sensory Art Therapies Economics : The economics of therapy : caring for clients, colleagues, commissioners and cash-flow in the creative art therapies / edited by Daniel Thomas and Vicky Abad ; foreword by Brynjulf Stige.
Sensory Disorders -- See Sensation Disorders Disorders of the special senses (i.e., VISION; HEARING; TASTE; and SMELL) or somatosensory system (i.e., afferent components of the PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM).
Sensory Function -- See Sensation The process in which specialized SENSORY RECEPTOR CELLS transduce peripheral stimuli (physical or chemical) into NERVE IMPULSES which are then transmitted to the various sensory centers in the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM.
Sensory Motor Performance -- See Psychomotor Performance The coordination of a sensory or ideational (cognitive) process and a motor activity.
Sensory Processing -- See Perception The process by which the nature and meaning of sensory stimuli are recognized and interpreted.
Sensory Thresholds -- See Also Signal Detection, Psychological Psychophysical technique that permits the estimation of the bias of the observer as well as detectability of the signal (i.e., stimulus) in any sensory modality. (From APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed.)
Sentinel Species -- See Also Environmental Exposure The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents in the environment or to environmental factors that may include ionizing radiation, pathogenic organisms, or toxic chemicals.