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Author Schone, Hermann,
Title Orientierung im Raum. English
Spatial orientation : the spatial control of behavior in animals and man / by Hermann Schone ; translated by Camilla Strausfeld.
Imprint Princeton, New Jersey : Princeton University Press, [1984]

Author Schone, Hermann,
Series Princeton series in neurobiology and behavior
Princeton legacy library
Princeton series in neurobiology and behavior.
Subject Spatial behavior.
Human behavior.
Animal behavior.
Alt Name Strausfeld, Camilla,
Description 1 online resource (367 pages) : illustrations
Note Translation of: Orientierung im Raum.
Bibliography Note Includes bibliographical references (pages 300-339) and index.
Note Print version record.
Contents Cover -- Contents -- Preface -- Key to Symbols -- Introduction -- 1. Orientation: Its Meaning and Scope -- 1.1 Definitions -- 1.2 Orientation, Behavior, and Ecology -- 1.3 The Spatial Structure of Orientation Movements -- 1.3.1 Rotation and Translation -- 1.3.2 The Degrees of Freedom of Movement -- 1.3.3 Graphic Representation -- 1.3.4 Geometry of Orientation -- 1.4 The Function of Orientation -- 1.4.1 Positional Orientation -- 1.4.2 Goal Orientation -- 1.4.3 Stabilizing Systems -- 2. Physiology of Orientation -- 2.1 What Determines the Orientation? -- 2.1.1 Releasing and Directing Stimuli.
2.1.2 The Role of External and Internal Factors in Determining the Reference Value -- 2.2 Components of an Orientation -- 2.2.1 What Is Being Oriented? -- 2.2.2 Orientation with and without External Directing Stimuli -- 2.3 Information About the Spatial Reference -- 2.3.1 What and Where Is the Spatial Reference? Identification and Localization -- 2.3.2 Stimuli and Receptors -- Stimulating Agents and Stimulation -- Reference Stimuli -- Sensors, Sense Organs, and Sensory Apparatus -- 2.3.3 Direction Determination -- Measurement of Incident Direction (Class I). Determination of Gradient Direction (Class II) -- 2.3.4 Distance Determination -- 2.4 Orientation as a System of Interacting Components -- 2.4.1 Reaction and Action -- 2.4.2 Interaction Between Efference and Afference -- 2.4.3 Cybernetic Description -- Feedback Control Systems -- Open-loop System -- 2.4.4 Sensory Input onto a Movable Carrier -- 2.5 Tropisms, Taxes, and Kineses -- 2.5.1 Kuhn's System of Taxes -- 2.5.2 The System of Fraenkel and Gunn -- 2.5.3 Summary, Additions, and Discussion -- 2.5.4 Kinesis (Indirect Orientation in a Gradient) -- The Kineses. The Kinesis Paradox -- 2.6 Response as a Function of Stimulus Direction and Intensity -- 2.6.1 Turning Tendency -- 2.6.2 Orientation to Several Unimodal Stimuli -- Vector Representation and Vectorial Processing of Stimuli -- Vector Addition and the Weighted Arithmetic Mean -- 2.6.3 Alteration of the Stimulus-Response Relationship (Resetting the Reference Value) -- 2.7 Multimodal Orientation Systems -- 2.7.1 Orientation to Stimuli of Diverse Sensory Modalities -- 2.7.2 Transposition -- 2.7.3 Weighting of Reference Cues -- 2.7.4 Bimodal Orientation of Turning Movements.
2.7.5 Perception of How Objects Are Oriented in Space -- 2.8 Distant Orientation -- 2.8.1 Compass Course Orientation -- Course-constant and Space-constant Body Alignment -- Sun, Star, and Magnetic Compasses -- 2.8.2 Navigation -- 2.8.3 Landmark Orientation (""Piloting"") -- 2.8.4 Reaching the Goal -- 2.9 Human Perceptual and Motor Orientation of Position and Movement -- 2.9.1 Orientation to the Vertical -- Orientation to Gravity -- The Gravity and the Visual Standard -- 2.9.2 Apparent Self-motion Induced by Optokinesis.
Summary This major study of animal orientation in space launches the Princeton Series in Neurobiology and Behavior. Bringing together for the first time the important work done on spatial orientation over the past twenty-five years, and reviewing research up to and including recent attempts to apply the methods of cybernetics, Hermann Schone discusses the most significant concepts in the control of position and movement in space.Originally published in 1984.The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback and hardcover editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.
ISBN 9781400856848 (electronic bk.)
1400856841 (electronic bk.)
0691083630 (alk. paper)
0691083649 (pbk. ; alk. paper)
OCLC # 889251821
Additional Format Print version: Schone, Hermann. Spatial orientation : the spatial control of behavior in animals and man. Princeton, New Jersey : Princeton University Press, [1984] xviii, 347 pages ; 24 cm. Princeton series in neurobiology and behavior 9780691612416

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