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Author Grose, Christian R.
Title Congress in black and white : race and representation in Washington and at home / Christian R. Grose.
Imprint Cambridge ; New York : Cambridge University Press, 2011.

Author Grose, Christian R.
Subject United States. Congress -- Membership.
African American legislators.
Gerrymandering -- United States.
African Americans -- Government policy.
Civil rights -- Government policy -- United States.
Representative government and representation -- United States.
Description 1 online resource (xiv, 242 pages) : illustrations
polychrome rdacc
Bibliography Note Includes bibliographical references (pages 215-230) and index.
Includes bibliographical references and index.
Summary "Race matters in Congress. This book argues that although electing black legislators yields meaningful outcomes in the lives of African-American voters in the United States, drawing affirmative action districts does not impact policy outcomes for black constituents"-- Provided by publisher.
"The symbolic importance of Barack Obama's election is without question. But beyond symbolism, does the election of African-American politicians matter? Grose argues that it does and presents a unified theory of representation. Electing African-American legislators yields more federal dollars and congressional attention directed toward African-American voters. However, race and affirmative action gerrymandering have no impact on public policy passed in Congress. Grose is the first to examine a natural experiment and exceptional moment in history in which black legislators - especially in the U.S. South - represented districts with a majority of white constituents. This is the first systematic examination of the effect of a legislator's race above and beyond the effect of constituency racial characteristics. Grose offers policy prescriptions, including the suggestion that voting rights advocates, the courts, and redistricters draw "black decisive districts," electorally competitive districts that are likely to elect African Americans"-- Provided by publisher.
Contents 1. African-American legislators, African-American districts, or democrats? -- Summary of book's argument and findings -- The book's roadmap -- 2. A unified theory of African-American representation in Congress -- The unified theory of African-American representation in Congress -- Three competing theories of racial -- Racial trust between Black voters and Black legislators -- Congressional decision making, political parties, and race -- Electoral coalitions, turnout, and substantive representation -- Black faces, white districts : the Supreme court and racial redistricting -- White legislators and Black-influence districts -- Why no one has examined both a Legislator's race and a district's Black population -- 3. The "hollow hope" of civil rights change in the U.S. House -- Perverse effects, beneficial effects, or minimal effects? does racial gerrymandering affect median civil rights policy outcomes in the U.S. House? -- What are black interests on rolls calls?
How can we determine legislators' preferences on civil rights? -- Has the civil rights policy space in Congress changed over time? -- The relative unimportance of the south for civil rights floor outcomes in the house -- Civil rights ideological shifts in state delegations due to racial redistricting -- Political parties, agenda setting, and civil rights voting records in Congress -- Counterfactual analysis -- Did the creation of Black-majority districts in 1992 give the house to Republicans? -- Summary : Racial redistricting in 1992 and aggregate policy outcomes in the U.S. House -- What about at the District level? does party or race matter more? -- Implications for the future of majority-minority districts -- 4. Location, location, location: delivering constituency service to African-Americans -- Constituency service as substantive representation -- The importance of race : helping constituents in the district -- Talking with congressional staff to assess constituency service to African Americans -- Reaching voters with service : race trumps geography and party -- Randy Forbes : big shoes to fill -- Earl Hilliard : he was elected to represent the people here -- Congressional offices in black neighborhoods? -- 5. Constituency service in the district: connecting black legislators, black staff, and black voters -- African-American staff and substantive Congressional Representation -- White staff and substantive representation via constituency service -- The racial backgrounds of Congressional District staff across the United STates -- Which members of Congress disporportionately hire African-American staff? -- Commonality versus difference : no difference -- Conclusion : race and the quality of constituency service to black constiuents.
6. Bringing home the bacon: delivering federal "pork" to African-Americans -- Pork is substantive representation -- Bringing home the bacon to predominately Black counties and historically Black colleges and universities -- Black legislators deliver more projects to African Americans -- The effect of a legislator's race on project allocations -- The effect of party on project allocation to Black constituents -- Racial trust : the interactive effect of district Black population and a legislator's race -- Pork delivery, electoral coalitions, and racial representation -- Conclusion and discussion -- 7. The future of racial redistricting: Black decisive districts -- Race, Legislative representation, and the importance of elections -- The need for Black-decisive districts : policy implications for the future of majority-minority districts and representation -- Criteria for drawing districting plans maximizing Black-decisive districts -- Conclusion and closing thoughts -- Appendix I: Methods used to measure the civil rights issue space -- Appendix 2 : Methods for qualitative research -- Appendix 3 : Data, methods, and models for project allocations to African Americans.
Note Print version record.
ISBN 9781139011945 (electronic bk.)
1139011944 (electronic bk.)
9781139011150 (e-book)
OCLC # 707078782
Additional Format Print version: Grose, Christian R. Congress in black and white. Cambridge ; New York : Cambridge University Press, 2011 9780521177016 (DLC) 2010035788 (OCoLC)657270956

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