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LEADER 00000cam  2200781 a 4500 
001    993755364 
003    OCoLC 
005    20210528104300.6 
006    m     o  d         
007    cr |n||||||||| 
008    170714s2017    si      ob    001 0 eng d 
019    993623593|a993984201|a1002329861|a1011850685|a1018393404 
020    9789811045790|q(electronic bk.) 
020    9811045798|q(electronic bk.) 
020    |z981104578X 
020    |z9789811045783 
024 7  10.1007/978-981-10-4579-0|2doi 
035    (OCoLC)993755364|z(OCoLC)993623593|z(OCoLC)993984201
037    com.springer.onix.9789811045790|bSpringer Nature 
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050  4 HD70.I7 
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072  7 KCM|2bicssc 
082 04 658.00955|a338.6|223 
100 1  Iwasaki, Yōko,|0
245 10 Industrial organization in Iran :|bthe weakly organized 
       system of the Iranian apparel industry /|cYoko Iwasaki. 
264  1 Singapore :|bSpringer,|c2017. 
300    1 online resource. 
336    text|btxt|2rdacontent 
337    computer|bc|2rdamedia 
338    online resource|bcr|2rdacarrier 
347    text file 
347    |bPDF 
490 1  SpringerBriefs in economics 
504    Includes bibliographical references and index. 
505 0  Preface; Contents; About the Author; 1 Introduction; 
       Abstract; References; 2 Outlook for Iran's Apparel 
       Industry; Abstract; 2.1 Historical Development of the 
       Textile and Apparel Industries and Their Business 
       Environment; 2.1.1 Modernization Era; 2.1.2 Post-World War
       II Period; 2.1.3 Textile and Apparel Industry After the 
       1979 Revolution; 2.2 Iran's Apparel Industry According to 
       Recent Statistical Data; 2.2.1 Scale of the Apparel 
       Industry; 2.2.2 Apparel Production and Import 
       Liberalization; References; 3 Characteristics of Apparel-
       Producing Organization; Abstract. 
505 8  3.1 Tehran: The Biggest Producing Center3.2 Patterns of 
       Apparel-Producing Firms Based on Interviews in 1998; 3.2.1
       Firm Scale; 3.2.2 Degree of Reliance on Outsourcing; 3.2.3
       Product Planning Methods; 3.2.4 Market Development; 3.3 
       Apparel-Producing Firms in Tehran: Overview of Results 
       from the Questionnaire Survey 2010; 3.3.1 Survey Design; 
       3.3.2 Main Findings; Location and Scale of Large-
       Scale Firms; Supply Chain Characteristics;
       Cooperation with Other Firms; Main Customers and 
       Markets; Marketing. 
505 8 Summary of Questionnaire and Supplementary 
       Interview Surveys During 2009-20113.4 Typical Pattern of 
       Firms; References; 4 The Apparel Production Process in 
       Iran; Abstract; 4.1 Process from Production to Sale; 4.2 
       Characteristics of the Production Process; 4.2.1 The 
       Japanese Case; 4.2.2 Firm Scale and Degree of Reliance on 
       Outsourcing; 4.2.3 Initiative in Product Planning; 4.3 
       Procurement System for Machinery and Raw Materials Through
       Namayande; 4.3.1 1990s Field Survey on Namayande; 4.3.2 
       The Legal Standing of Namayande; 4.3.3 Namayande's 
       Business Activities. 
505 8  4.3.4 Information Provided by the Namayande4.3.5 
       Namayande's Information Collection Methods; 4.3.6 The 
       Namayande and His Clients; 4.3.7 Namayande's Functions; 
       4.4 Why Was Namayande Needed?; References; 5 Distribution 
       Network of Bonak-dars; Abstract; 5.1 Retailers and Apparel
       -Producing Firms; 5.2 Clusters of Bonak-dar Shops; 5.3 
       Collection and Sales of Apparel Products by Bonak-dar; 5.4
       Function of the Bonak-dar; 5.4.1 Setting up and Management
       of the Marketplace; 5.4.2 Selection of Merchandise and 
       Price Determination; 5.5 Bonak-dar as an Auctioneer; 
505 8  6 The Apparel-Producing Center After Import 
       LiberalizationAbstract; 6.1 The Age of Import 
       Liberalization; 6.2 Emergence of Wholesale Clusters 
       Specializing in Foreign Apparel Products; 6.2.1 Clusters 
       of Wholesale Shops Trading in Foreign Apparel Products; 
       6.2.2 Inflow Channels and Sales Networks; 6.3 The Weakly 
       Organized System as the Origin of Transition; 6.3.1 Rise 
       of Newcomers; 6.3.2 "Order Production" Realized by 
       "Specialized Markets"; 6.3.3 An Open Market in Production 
       and Distribution; References; 7 Conclusion; Abstract; 7.1 
       Self-reliant Business Style. 
520    This book focuses on Iran to explore the question of how 
       the nature of industrial organizations and the whole 
       system they constitute can exert a great influence on an 
       industry's competitiveness and resilience. The author 
       examines what happens if firms and companies participating
       in the manufacturing and distribution process of a certain
       product are not organized to a high degree and operate 
       independently. The book begins with an inquiry into the 
       historical environment of Iran's apparel industry, which 
       has never been stable. It then reveals the specific 
       practices that enable firms to maintain their independent 
       business, and argues that the elastic state of the 
       production and distribution system has worked for the 
       survival of self-reliant member firms. The typical Iranian
       apparel firm persists in maintaining independent 
       operations regardless of its size, a practice that is 
       inimical to the development of long-lasting business 
       relations with other firms as well as to vertical 
       integration between firms, in all stages from production 
       to distribution. A distinguishing feature of Iran's 
       apparel industry is that the member firms are barely 
       organized compared with their counterparts in advanced 
       industrialized countries. Despite such a weakly organized 
       system, generally small-scale but self-reliant Iranian 
       firms courageously persist in the face of the market's 
       difficulties. Superficially, it appears that Iran's 
       apparel market is being filled with Chinese goods, but the
       reality is somewhat different. Apparel firms that are 
       currently doing business with China but are ready to 
       terminate it at any time are taking advantage of newly 
       emerging opportunities to ensure the survival of their own
       businesses. Reopening those businesses for domestic 
       operations remains an ever-present possibility for them.--
       |cProvided by publisher. 
650  0 Industrial organization|0
776 08 |iPrint version:|aIwasaki, Yoko.|tIndustrial organization 
       in Iran.|dSingapore : Springer, 2017|z981104578X
830  0 SpringerBriefs in economics.|0
990    SpringerLink|bSpringer English/International eBooks 2017 -
       Full Set|c2021-05-28|yMaster record encoding level change
990    SpringerLink|bSpringer English/International eBooks 2017 -
       Full Set|c2018-11-16|yMaster record variable field(s) 
       change: 650|5OH1 
990    SpringerLink|bSpringer English/International eBooks 2017 -
       Full Set|c2018-10-31|yNew collection 
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