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EBOOK
Title Bio-based plastics : materials and applications / editor Stephan Kabasci.
Imprint Chichester, West Sussex, United Kingdom : John Wiley & Sons Inc., 2014.

LOCATION CALL # STATUS MESSAGE
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LOCATION CALL # STATUS MESSAGE
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Series Wiley series in renewable resources.
Wiley series in renewable resources. http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/n2005054964
Subject Biopolymers.
Plastics.
Alt Name Kabasci, Stephan.
Description 1 online resource.
Bibliography Note Includes bibliographical references and index.
Contents Machine generated contents note: 1. Bio-Based Plastics -- Introduction / Stephan Kabasci -- 1.1. Definition of Bio-Based Plastics -- 1.2. A Brief History of Bio-Based Plastics -- 1.3. Market for Bio-Based Plastics -- 1.4. Scope of the Book -- 2. Starch / Sebastia Gesti Garcia -- 2.1. Introduction -- 2.2. Starch -- 2.3. Starch-Filled Plastics -- 2.4. Structural Starch Modifications -- 2.4.1. Starch Gelatinization and Retrogradation -- 2.4.2. Starch Jet-Cooking -- 2.4.3. Starch Extrusion Cooking -- 2.4.4. Starch Destructurization in Absence of Synthetic Polymers -- 2.4.5. Starch Destructurization in Presence of Synthetic Polymers -- 2.4.6. Additional Information on Starch Complexation -- 2.5. Starch-Based Materials on the Market -- 2.6. Conclusions -- References -- 3. Cellulose and Cellulose Acetate / Hans-Peter Fink -- 3.1. Introduction -- 3.2. Raw Materials -- 3.3. Structure -- 3.3.1. Cellulose -- 3.3.2. Cellulose Derivatives -- 3.4. Principles of Cellulose Technology 3.4.1. Regenerated Cellulose -- 3.4.2. Organic Cellulose Esters -- Cellulose Acetate -- 3.5. Properties and Applications of Cellulose-Based Plastics -- 3.5.1. Fibres -- 3.5.2. Films -- 3.5.3. Moulded Articles -- 3.6. Some Recent Developments -- 3.6.1. Cellulose -- 3.6.2. Cellulose Acetate and Mixed Esters -- 3.7. Conclusion -- References -- 4. Materials Based on Chitin and Chitosan / Marguerite Rinaudo -- 4.1. Introduction -- 4.2. Preparation and Characterization of Chitin and Chitosan -- 4.2.1. Chitin: Characteristics and Characterization -- 4.2.2. Chitosan: Preparation and Characterization -- 4.3. Processing of Chitin to Materials and Applications -- 4.3.1. Processing of Chitin and Physical Properties of Materials -- 4.3.2. Applications of Chitin-Based Materials -- 4.4. Chitosan Processing to Materials and Applications -- 4.4.1. Processing of Chitosan -- 4.4.2. Application of Chitosan-Based Materials -- 4.5. Conclusion -- References -- 5. Lignin Matrix Composites from Natural Resources -- ARBOFORM® / Norbert Eisenreich 5.1. Introduction -- 5.2. Approaches for Plastics Completely Made from Natural Resources -- 5.3. Formulation of Lignin Matrix Composites (ARBOFORM) -- 5.3.1. Lignin -- 5.3.2. Basic Formulations and Processing of ARBOFORM -- 5.3.3. The Influence of the Fibre Content -- 5.4. Chemical Free Lignin from High Pressure Thermo-Hydrolysis (Aquasolv) -- 5.4.1. Near Infrared Spectroscopy of Lignin Types -- 5.4.2. Lignin Extraction by High-Pressure Hydrothermolysis (HPH) -- 5.4.3. Thermoplastic Processing of Aquasolv Lignin -- 5.5. Functionalizing Lignin Matrix Composites -- 5.5.1. Impact Strength -- 5.5.2. Flame Retardancy -- 5.5.3. Electrical Conductivity with Nanoparticles -- 5.5.4. Pyrolysis to Porous Carbonaceous Structures -- 5.6. Injection Moulding of Parts -- Case Studies -- 5.6.1. Loudspeaker Boxes -- 5.6.2. Precision Parts -- 5.6.3. Thin Walled and Decorative Gift Boxes and Toys -- Acknowledgements -- References -- 6. Bioplastics from Lipids / Stuart Coles -- 6.1. Introduction -- 6.2. Definition and Structure of Lipids 6.2.1. Fatty Acids -- 6.2.2. Mono-, Di- and Tri-Substituted Glycerols -- 6.2.3. Phospholipids -- 6.2.4. Other Compounds -- 6.3. Sources and Biosynthesis of Lipids -- 6.3.1. Sources of Lipids -- 6.3.2. Biosynthesis of Lipids -- 6.3.3. Composition of Triglycerides -- 6.4. Extraction of Plant Oils, Triglycerides and Their Associated Compounds -- 6.4.1. Seed Cleaning and Preparation -- 6.4.2. Seed Pressing -- 6.4.3. Liquid Extraction -- 6.4.4. Post Extraction Processing -- 6.5. Biopolymers from Plant Oils, Triglycerides and Their Associated Compounds -- 6.5.1. Generic Triglycerides -- 6.5.2. Common Manipulations of Triglycerides -- 6.5.3. Soybean Oil-Based Bioplastics -- 6.5.4. Castor Oil-Based Bioplastics -- 6.5.5. Linseed Oil-Based Bioplastics -- 6.5.6. Other Plant Oil-Based Bioplastics -- 6.5.7. Biological Synthesis of Polymers -- 6.6. Applications -- 6.6.1. Mimicking to Reduce R&D Risk -- 6.6.2. Composites -- 6.6.3. Coatings -- 6.6.4. Packaging Materials -- 6.6.5. Foams -- 6.6.6. Biomedical Applications -- 6.6.7. Other Applications 6.7. Conclusions -- References -- 7. Polyhydroxyalkanoates: Basics, Production and Applications of Microbial Biopolyesters / Gerhart Braunegg -- 7.1. Microbial PHA Production, Metabolism, and Structure -- 7.1.1. Occurrence of PHAs -- 7.1.2. In Vivo Characteristics and Biological Role of PHAs -- 7.1.3. Structure and Composition of PHAs -- 7.1.4. Metabolic Aspects -- 7.2. Available Raw Materials for PHA Production -- 7.3. Recovery of PHA from Biomass -- 7.3.1. General Aspects of PHA Recovery -- 7.3.2. Direct Extraction of PHA from Biomass -- 7.3.3. Digestion of the non-PHA Cellular Material -- 7.3.4. Disruption of Cells of Osmophilic Microbes in Hypotonic Medium -- 7.4. Different Types of PHA -- 7.4.1. Short Chain Length vs. Medium Chain Length PHAs -- 7.4.2. Enzymatic Background: PHA Synthases -- 7.5. Global PHA Production -- 7.6. Applications of PHAs -- 7.6.1. General -- 7.6.2. Packaging and Commodity Items -- 7.6.3. Medical Applications -- 7.6.4. Application of the Monomeric Building Blocks -- 7.6.5. Smart Materials -- 7.6.6. Controlled Release of Active Agents
7.7. Economic Challenges in the Production of PHAs and Attempts to Overcome Them -- 7.7.1. PHA Production as a Holistic Process -- 7.7.2. Substrates as Economic Factor -- 7.7.3. Downstream Processing -- 7.7.4. Process Design -- 7.7.5. Contemporary Attempts to Enhance PHA Production in Terms of Economics and Product Quality -- 7.8. Process Design -- 7.9. Conclusion -- References -- 8. Poly(Lactic Acid) / Hideto Tsuji -- 8.1. Introduction -- 8.2. Historical Outline -- 8.3. Synthesis of Monomer -- 8.4. Synthesis of Poly(Lactic Acid) -- 8.4.1. Homopolymers -- 8.4.2. Linear Copolymers -- 8.5. Processing -- 8.6. Crystallization -- 8.6.1. Crystal Structures -- 8.6.2. Crystalline Morphology -- 8.6.3. Crystallization Behaviour -- 8.7. Physical Properties -- 8.7.1. Mechanical Properties -- 8.7.2. Thermal Properties -- 8.7.3. Permeability -- 8.7.4. Surface Properties -- 8.7.5. Electrical Properties -- 8.7.6. Optical Properties -- 8.8. Hydrolytic Degradation -- 8.8.1. Degradation Mechanism -- 8.8.2. Effects of Surrounding Media -- 8.8.3. Effects of Material Parameters 8.9. Thermal Degradation -- 8.10. Biodegradation -- 8.11. Photodegradation -- 8.12. High-Performance Poly(Lactic Acid)-Based Materials -- 8.12.1. Nucleating or Crystallization-Accelerating Fillers -- 8.12.2. Composites and Nanocomposites -- 8.12.3. Fibre-Reinforced Plastics (FRPs) -- 8.12.4. Stereocomplexation -- 8.13. Applications -- 8.13.1. Alternatives to Petro-Based Polymers -- 8.13.2. Biomedical -- 8.13.3. Environmental Applications -- 8.14. Recycling -- 8.15. Conclusions -- References -- 9. Other Polyesters from Biomass Derived Monomers / Jacco van Haveren -- 9.1. Introduction -- 9.2. Isohexide Polyesters -- 9.2.1. Introduction -- 9.2.2. Semi-Aromatic Homo-Polyesters -- 9.2.3. Semi-Aromatic Co-Polyesters -- 9.2.4. Aliphatic Polyesters -- 9.2.5. Modified Isohexides -- 9.3. Furan-Based Polyesters -- 9.3.1. Introduction -- 9.3.2. 2,5-Dihydroxymethylfuran (DHMF)-Based Polyesters -- 9.3.3. 5-Hydroxymethylfuroic Acid (HMFA) Based Polyesters -- 9.3.4. Furan-2,5-Dicarboxylic Acid (FDCA) Based Polyesters -- 9.3.5. Future Outlook -- 9.4. Poly(Butylene Succinate) (PBS) and Its Copolymers 9.4.1. Succinic Acid -- 9.4.2. 1,4-Butanediol (BDO) -- 9.4.3. Poly(Butylene Succinate) (PBS) -- 9.4.4. PBS Copolymers -- 9.4.5. PBS Biodegradability -- 9.4.6. PBS Processability -- 9.4.7. PBS Blends -- 9.4.8. PBS Markets and Applications -- 9.4.9. Future Outlook -- 9.5. Bio-Based Terephthalates -- 9.5.1. Introduction -- 9.5.2. Bio-Based Diols: Ethylene Glycol, 1,3-Propanediol, 1,4-Butanediol -- 9.5.3. Bio-Based Xylenes, Isophthalic and Terephthalic Acid -- 9.6. Conclusions -- References -- 10. Polyamides from Biomass Derived Monomers / Benjamin Brehmer -- 10.1. Introduction -- 10.1.1. What are Polyamides? -- 10.1.2. What is the Polymer Pyramid? -- 10.1.3. Where do Polyamides from Biomass Derived Monomers Fit? -- 10.2. Technical Performance of Polyamides -- 10.2.1. How to Differentiate Performance -- 10.2.2. Overview of Current Applications -- 10.2.3. Typical Association of Biopolymers -- 10.3. Chemical Synthesis -- 10.3.1. Castor Bean to Intermediates -- 10.3.2. Undecenoic Acid Route -- 10.3.3. Sebacic Acid Route -- 10.3.4. Decamethylene Diamine Route 10.4. Monomer Feedstock Supply Chain -- 10.4.1. Description of Supply Chain -- 10.4.2. Pricing Situation -- 10.5. Producers -- 10.6. Sustainability Aspects -- 10.6.1. Biosourcing -- 10.6.2. Lifecycle Assessments -- 10.6.3. Labelling and Certification -- 10.7. Improvement and Outlook -- References -- 11. Polyolefin-Based Plastics from Biomass-Derived Monomers / R.J. Koopmans -- 11.1. Introduction -- 11.2. Polyolefin-Based Plastics -- 11.3. Biomass -- 11.4. Chemicals from Biomass -- 11.5. Chemicals from Biotechnology -- 11.6. Plastics from Biomass -- 11.7. Polyolefin Plastics from Biomass and Petrochemical Technology -- 11.7.1. One-Carbon Building Blocks -- 11.7.2. Two-Carbon Building Blocks -- 11.7.3. Three-Carbon Building Blocks -- 11.8. Polyolefin Plastics from Biomass and BiotechnologyNote continued: 11.9. Bio-Polyethylene and Bio-Polypropylene -- 11.10. Perspective and Outlook -- References -- 12. Future Trends for Recombinant Protein-Based Polymers: The Case Study of Development and Application of Silk-Elastin-Like Polymers / Raul Machado -- 12.1. Introduction -- 12.2. Production of Recombinant Protein-Based Polymers (rPBPs) -- 12.3. The Silk-Elastin-Like Polymers (SELPs) -- 12.3.1. SELPs for Biomedical Applications: Hydrogels for Localized Delivery -- 12.3.2. Mechanical Properties of SELP Hydrogels -- 12.3.3. Spun Fibres -- 12.3.4. Solvent Cast Films -- 12.4. Final Considerations -- References -- 13. Renewable Raw Materials and Feedstock for Bioplastics / Stephan Piotrowski -- 13.1. Introduction -- 13.2. First- and Second-Generation Crops: Advantages and Disadvantages 13.3. The Amount of Land Needed to Grow Feedstock for Bio-Based Plastics -- 13.4. Productivity and Availability of Arable Land -- 13.5. Research on Feedstock Optimization -- 13.6. Advanced Breeding Technologies and Green Biotechnology -- 13.7. Some Facts about Food Prices and Recent Food Price Increases -- 13.8. Is there Enough Land for Food, Animal Feed, Bioenergy and Industrial Material Use, Including Bio-Based Plastics? -- References -- 14. The Promise of Bioplastics -- Bio-Based and Biodegradable-Compostable Plastics / Ramani Narayan -- 14.1. Value Proposition for Bio-Based Plastics -- 14.2. Exemplars of Zero or Reduced Material Carbon Footprint -- Bio-PE, Bio-PET and PLA -- 14.3. Process Carbon Footprint and LCA -- 14.4. Determination of Bio-Based Carbon Content -- 14.5. End-of-Life Options for Bioplastics -- Biodegradability-Compostability -- 14.6. Summary -- References.
Note Description based on print version record and CIP data provided by publisher.
ISBN 9781118676738 (ePub)
1118676734 (ePub)
9781118676783 (Adobe PDF)
1118676785 (Adobe PDF)
9781119994008 (cloth)
9781118676646
1118676645
1119994004 (cloth)
9781119994008 (cloth)
OCLC # 852958602
Additional Format Print version: Bio-based plastics Chichester, West Sussex, United Kingdom : John Wiley & Sons Inc., 2014 9781119994008 (DLC) 2013026528