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Author Leiker, James N., 1962-
Title Racial borders : Black soldiers along the Rio Grande / James N. Leiker.
Imprint College Station : Texas A & M University Press, ©2002.
Edition 1st ed.

Author Leiker, James N., 1962-
Series South Texas regional studies ; no. 1
South Texas regional studies ; no. 1.
Subject United States. Army -- African American troops -- History -- 19th century.
Mexican-American Border Region -- Race relations.
Texas, South -- Race relations.
African American soldiers -- Mexican-American Border Region -- History -- 19th century.
African American soldiers -- Texas, South -- History -- 19th century.
Nationalism -- Social aspects -- United States -- History -- 19th century.
United States -- Relations -- Mexico.
Mexico -- Relations -- United States.
Description 1 online resource (xiv, 241 pages, 8 unnumbered pages of plates) : illustrations, map.
Edition 1st ed.
Bibliography Note Includes bibliographical references (pages 221-233) and index.
Access Use copy Restrictions unspecified star
Reproduction Electronic reproduction. [Place of publication not identified] : HathiTrust Digital Library, 2010.
System Details Master and use copy. Digital master created according to Benchmark for Faithful Digital Reproductions of Monographs and Serials, Version 1. Digital Library Federation, December 2002.
Note digitized 2010 HathiTrust Digital Library committed to preserve pda
Print version record.
Contents Introduction: Beyond Binary Racial Theory -- Ch. 1. Multiracial Interaction on the Border Prior to 1870 -- Ch. 2. Black Conquerors: The Border and the U.S. Army in the 1870s -- Ch. 3. Crossing the River: The Social Life of the Black Regular -- Ch. 4. African Americans and Hispanics in the Age of Imperialism -- Ch. 5. Brownsville and Its Antecedents: Black Soldiers and Civil-Military Violence, 1899-1906 -- Ch. 6. Race, Nationalism, and the American Punitive Expedition into Mexico -- Conclusion: The Legacies of Border Service -- App. 2. Poems about the Black Regulars.
Summary When the Civil War ended, hundreds of African Americans enlisted in the U.S. Army to gain social mobility and regular paychecks. Stationed in the West prior to 1898, these black soldiers protected white communities, forced Native Americans onto government reservations, patrolled the Mexican border, and broke up labor disputes in mining areas. African American men, themselves no strangers to persecution, aided the subjugation of Indian and Hispanic peoples throughout the West. It can hardly be surprising, then, that the relations among these groups became complex and often hostile; hardly surprising, but rarely examined. Despised by the white settlers they protected, many black soldiers were sent to posts along the Texas-Mexico border, perceived to be a safe place to put them. The interactions there among blacks, whites, and Hispanics during the period leading up to the Punitive Expedition and World War I offer the opportunity to study the complicated, even paradoxical nature of American race relations. This book establishes the army's fundamental role in transforming the Rio Grande from a frontier into a border and shows how that transformation itself brought a tightening of racial and national categories. But more importantly, it warns about the dangers of simplifying history into groupings of white and non-white, oppressors and oppressed.
Note English.
ISBN 1585449636 (electronic bk.)
9781585449637 (electronic bk.)
1585441589 (alk. paper)
9781585441587 (alk. paper)
OCLC # 50667869
Additional Format Print version: Leiker, James N., 1962- Racial borders. 1st ed. College Station : Texas A & M University Press, ©2002 1585441589 (DLC) 2001004438 (OCoLC)47766988

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