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BOOK
Author Murdoch, Tom.
Title The streamkeeper's field guide : watershed inventory and stream monitoring methods / by Tom Murdoch and Martha Cheo with Kate O'Laughlin ; illustrated by Thomas Whittemore with Gary Larson ... [and others].
Imprint Everett, Wash. : Adopt-a-Stream Foundation, [1996]
©1996
Edition Fifth edition.

LOCATION CALL # STATUS MESSAGE
 OTTERBEIN MAIN COLLECTION  QH75 .M87 1996    AVAILABLE  
LOCATION CALL # STATUS MESSAGE
 OTTERBEIN MAIN COLLECTION  QH75 .M87 1996    AVAILABLE  
Subject Stream conservation -- Citizen participation.
Watershed management -- Citizen participation.
Stream ecology.
Alt Name Cheo, Martha.
O'Laughlin, Kate.
Adopt-A-Stream Foundation.
Description xv, 296 pages : illustrations ; 28 cm
Edition Fifth edition.
Note "A product of the Adopt-a-Stream Foundation."
Bibliography Note Includes bibliographical references (p. 285-291) and index.
ISBN 0965210901
OCLC # 35023133
Table of Contents
 FOREWORD 
 What is a Streamkeeper 
 Anyone Can Become a Streamkeeper 
 Why Become a Streamkeeper 
 Streamkeeper Parts 
 HOW TO USE THIS BOOK 
 ACKNOWLEDGMENTS 
 PART ONE WATERSHEDS 
 Chapter 1 UNDERSTANDING WATERSHEDS2
 INTRODUCTION TO WATERSHEDS2
 THE HYDROLOGIC CYCLE4
 Water Above the Surface4
 Water on the surface4
 Water Under the Surface5
 A CLOSER LOOK AT SURFACE WATERS5
 Lakes, Ponds, and Wetlands6
 Streams and Rivers7
 THE RIVER CONTINUUM - AN IMAGINARY STREAM TOUR7
 HUMAN USE OF WATERSHEDS9
 Changes in the Hydrologic Cycle9
 Water Pollution11
 Table 1: Nonpoint Pollutants13
 Cumulative Effects15
 Pollution Regulation15
 Chapter 2 WATERSHED INVESTIGATIONS18
 WATERSHED MAPS19
 Topographic Maps19
 Other Useful Maps22
 CREATING YOUR OWN WATERSHED MAP24
 COLLECTING WATERSHED INFORMATION25
 Physical and Biological Information26
 Historical Information27
 Political and Regulatory Information27
 Land Ownership Information29
 CONDUCTING A FIELD INVENTORY30
 Table 2: Watershed Inventory31
 Field Procedure: Watershed Inventory32
 Miss Mayfly's Guide to Watershed Etiquette, Safety and Liability34
 Data Sheet 1: Watershed Inventory Checklist38
 PART TWO YOUR STREAM'S HEALTH 
 Chapter 3 MONITORING PROGRAM DESIGN44
 THE "WHY" QUESTION44
 THE "WHAT" QUESTION47
 THE "HOW" QUESTION48
 Table 3: Land Uses and Potential Problems in streams49
 THE "WHERE" QUESTION50
 THE "WHEN" QUESTION52
 Table 4: A Summary of "When," What," and "Where"53
 Chapter 4 THE STREAM REACH SURVEY56
 BACKGROUND INFORMATION FOR THE STREAM REACH SURVEYOR58
 Fish58
 Wildlife59
 Vegetation60
 Stream Channel Gradient, Cross Section, and Sinuosity62
 Stream Banks 64 In-stream Habitat64
 Human Alterations to the Stream Channel66
 FIELD PROCEDURE: STREAM REACH MAP68
 FIELD PROCEDURE: STREAM REACH SURVEY73
 DOCUMENTING LOCATIONS74
 Table 5: Worksheet for Calculating Latitude and Longitude76
 FIELD PROCEDURE: FISH78
 Visual Methods78
 "Fish in Hand" Methods79
 FIELD PROCEDURE: WILDLIFE80
 Recording What You Find81
 Other Techniques82
 FIELD PROCEDURE: VEGETATION83
 Mapping Techniques84
 Riparian Zone Width84
 FIELD PROCEDURE: OVERHEAD CANOPY85
 FIELD PROCEDURE: GRADIENT86
 FIELD PROCEDURE: SINUOSITY, CROSS SECTION AND STREAM BANKS88
 FIELD PROCEDURE: HABITAT89
 FIELD PROCEDURE: HUMAN ALTERATIONS TO THE STREAM CHANNEL90
 FIELD PROCEDURE: LAND USE91
 Data Sheet 2: Stream Reach Survey93
 Chapter 5 MONITORING YOUR STREAM'S PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS96
 CROSS SECTIONAL PROHLE96
 FIELD PROCEDURE: CROSS SECTION PROFILE97
 Data Sheet 3: Cross Section Survey99
 THE STREAM BOTTOM100
 FIELD PROCEDURE: STREAM BOTTOM SURVEY101
 Data Sheet 4: Stream Bottom Survey103
 STREAM FLOW105
 How Flow Affects a Stream105
 Factors Affecting Volume of Flow106
 Factors Affecting Velocity of Flow107
 How Human Activities Affect Flow107
 FIELD PROCEDURE: FLOW108
 Cross Sectional Area111
 Calculating Flow113
 Table 6: Swimming Performance of Adult Fish114
 Monitoring Storm Events114
 Data Sheet 5: Flow - Method I - For streams greater than 3' wide115
 Flow - Method II - For streams up to 3' wide116
 Chapter 6 THE SPINELESS ONES118
 BENTHIC MACROINVERTEBRATES or BMIs (underwater insects, clams, mussels, crustaceans, worms and other spineless creatures)118
 BMIs as Indicators of Stream Health119
 Classifying Benthic Macroinvertebrates120
 Chart: Benthic Macroinvertebrates Classification121
 Basic BMI Morphology122
 Aquatic Insect Life Cycle123
 BMI Habitats125
 BMIs in the Stream Food Chain125
 Functional Feeding Groups125
 The River Continuum Revisited126
 Breathing Adaptations127
 FIELD PROCEDURE: MACROINVERTEBRATE SURVEY129
 Table 7: Analyzing BMI Data136
 Table 8: BMI Collecting Equipment137
 Data sheet 6A: Macroinvertebrate Survey (Field Method)139
 LAB PROCEDURE: MACROINVERTEBRATE SURVEY140
 Data Sheet 6B: Macroinvertebrate Survey (Lab Method)145
 Dichotomous Key to Macroinvertebrates148
 A Picture Key to Mayfly, Stonefly and Caddisfly Families154
 Pollution Tolerance Values for Families of Stream Macroinvertebrates162
 Chapter 7 WATER QUALITY164
 pH (Parts Hydrogen)165
 Table 9: pH and Lethal pH Limits of Common Substances167
 FIELD PROCEDURE: pH168
 DISSOLVED OXYGEN170
 Natural Factors170
 Human Activities170
 Effects on Aquatic Life171
 FIELD PROCEDURE: DISSOLVED OXYGEN172
 Table 10: Calculating Percent Saturation175
 Table 11: Percent Saturation---The "Quick and Easy" Method176
 Table 12: Biologic Effects of Decreasing Dissolved Oxygen176
 TEMPERATURE177
 Table 13: Optimal Temperature Ranges for Aquatic Life177
 FIELD PROCEDURE: TEMPERATURE178
 TESTING FOR OTHER PARAMETERS179
 Alkalinity179
 Biochemical Oxygen Demand179
 Nutrients179
 Phosphorus180
 Bacteria180
 Conductivity181
 Turbidity182
 Total solids182
 Data Sheet 7: Water Quality183
 PART 3 EFFECTIVE INFORMATION 
 Chapter 8 CREDIBLE DATA186
 DESIGNING A QUALITY ASSURANCE PLAN188
 PROJECT MANAGEMENT188
 DATA ACQUISITION197
 Table 14: Sample Data Quality Objectives196
 ASSESSMENT/OVERSIGHT201
 DATA VALIDATION AND USABILITY202
 Chapter 9 PRESENTING YOUR DATA204
 TABLES, CHARTS AND GRAPHS205
 Table 15: Summarizing One Year of Stream Data205
 FLOW DATA207
 GRADIENT DATA210
 WATER QUALITY DATA210
 MACROINVERTEBRATE DATA212
 FISH AND WILDLIFE DATA215
 TYING THE PHYSICAL, BIOLOGICAL AND CHEMICAL DATA TOGETHER216
 SOCIAL AND POLITICAL DATA218
 OTHER DATA PRESENTATION TOOLS222
 Maps222
 Photographs223
 High Tech Tools223
 "Wordsmithing" Your Data224
 PART 4 INFORMATION INTO ACTION 
 Chapter 10 STREAMKEEPER TALES228
 PUTTING YOUR DATA TO USE 
 The Backyard-Educating Landowners229
 The Garbage Problem230
 Stream Clean-up Tips232
 The Farm Animal Effluent Problem234
 The Fish Migration Barrier235
 The Dirt Problem236
 Threatened Urban Headwaters237
 Land Use in the Riparian Corridor238
 The Lost Salmon Run That Came Back239
 The Stream That Almost Got Buried Alive240
 The Buried Stream That Will See Daylight241
 The Oil and Water Problem242
 The Sixth Grade Approach to Sharing Data with a Town Council243
 West Coast243
 East Coast244
 The Stream with No Name245
 The Funeral Dirge--Or, When All Else Fails245
 CLOSING THOUGHTS 
 APPENDICES 
 A: HAND SEINING FOR FISH254
 B: BUILDING YOUR OWN NETS255
 C: DATA SHEETS260
 D: EQUIPMENT SOURCES278
 E: PROTOCOL FOR NON-LABORATORY CALIBRATION OF THERMOMETERS282
 F: CONVERSIONS AND EQUIVALENTS283
 REFERENCES 
 INDEX 
 0415311160 
 Preface 
 Introduction1
 PART I Choosing the school rules7
 1 What can I do for my children?9
 Parental partiality v equality of opportunity10
 An unbiased test for how biased we can be14
 Does a good parent have to pass the test?16
 Conclusion19
 2 What am I buying?21
 Education as a positional good23
 Education as an intrinsic good25
 Competition for intrinsically valuable goods30
 Conclusion31
 3 What's wrong with selection?34
 Selection against community36
 The effect of selection on educational standards38
 Selection good for everybody?41
 Objections to selection as further objections to private schools43
 Conclusion46
 4 The real world48
 Where values conflict49
 Unpacking real world constraints53
 Realism about resources55
 Is reform futile?57
 Is reform inefficient?60
 Conclusion63
 5 Respecting parents' rights65
 Rights and duties67
 Do parents have a right to go private or selective?69
 Legitimate partiality and the act of voting72
 Voting to avoid inadequate schools76
 Conclusion78
 Conclusion to Part I80
 PART II Choosing schools given the rules83
 6 Hypocrisy, sincerity and justified choices85
 Hypocrisy85
 Sincerity88
 Making society a bit fairer - education v money91
 Conclusion94
 7 Legitimate partiality and school choice96
 Justification 1: Opting out is a basic human right97
 Justification 2: I have a legal right to opt out97
 Justification 3 : My fellow citizens have democratically decided that I should be allowed to opt out97
 Justification 4: A parent has a duty to get the best possible education for her children99
 Justification 5: It's wrong for a parent to impose her values on her children103
 Justification 6: It's wrong for a parent to sacrifice her children to her political principles106
 Justification 7: It's wrong for a parent to sacrifice her children to her career109
 Justification 8: It's wrong for a parent to sacrifice her children to a political cause111
 Conclusion113
 8 How good is good enough?114
 Justification 9: Opting out is the only way to get proper attention for his special needs114
 Justification 10: Opting out is the only way to prevent his being bullied114
 Justification 11: Opting out is the only way to prevent his suffering emotional or psychological harm115
 Justification 12: Opting out is the only way to ensure he avoids a life o f poverty119
 Justification 13: Opting out is the only way for us to sustain our close familial relationship125
 Justification 14: Opting out is the only way for him to get an intrinsically valuable education125
 Justification 15: Opting out is the only way to give him a fair chance in life130
 Conclusion134
 9 The futility of individual choice?136
 Justification 16: Sending him to the local comprehensive won't achieve anything136
 Justification 17: Opting out will do more - in the long run - to bring about educational justice148
 Conclusion151
 10 Home affairs153
 Justification 18: My child's other parent thinks we're justified in opting out154
 Justification 19: My child thinks we're justified in opting out157
 Justification 20: Opting out of the state system to avoid the local comprehensive is no worse than moving into the catchment area o f a better one158
 Conclusion164
 Conclusion166
 Questionnaire on private schools175
 Questionnaire on selective schools180
 Further Reading184
 Index186