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Author Schafer, Mark, 1962-
Title Groupthink versus high-quality decision making in International relations / Mark Schafer and Scott Crichlow.
Imprint New York : Columbia University Press, 2010.

Author Schafer, Mark, 1962-
Subject Group problem solving -- United States -- Case studies.
United States -- Foreign relations -- 1945-1989 -- Decision making.
United States -- Foreign relations -- 1989- -- Decision making.
United States -- Foreign relations -- 1945-1989 -- Decision making -- Case studies.
United States -- Foreign relations -- 1989- -- Decision making -- Case studies.
Alt Name Crichlow, Scott, 1971-
Description 1 online resource (xii, 286 pages)
polychrome rdacc
Bibliography Note Includes bibliographical references and index.
Contents Part I. Groupthink and the Quality of the Foreign-Policy Decision-Making Process. 1. Introduction --- 2. The Group and the Individual in Foreign-Policy Decision Making --- 3. The Decision-Making Model: The Interplay of Group Processes and Psychological Characteristics ----Part II. Case Studies in American Foreign-Policy Decision Making. 4. Case Studies in Low-Quality Decision Making --- 5. Case Studies in High-Quality Decision Making ---- Part III. Statistical Analyses. 6. The Effect of Groupthink Versus High-Quality Decision Making on Outcomes --- 7. Individual-Level Factors Affecting the Quality of Decision Making ---- Part IV. Conclusions. 8. The 2003 War in Iraq: How Flawed Decision Making Led to Critical Failures --- 9. Groupthink Versus High-Quality Decision Making: Lessons and Prescriptions ---- Appendix A. Cases Included in the Analysis --- Appendix B. Operational Definitions of Situational-Context Variables --- Appendix C. Operational Definitions of Group-Structural Variables --- Appendix D. Operational Definitions of Decision-Processing Variables.
Summary "Are good and bad outcomes significantly affected by the decision-making process itself? Indeed they are, in that certain decision-making techniques and practices limit the ability of policymakers to achieve their goals and advance the national interest. The success of policy often turns on the quality of the decision-making process. Mark Schafer and Scott Crichlow identify the factors that contribute to good and bad policymaking, such as the personalities of political leaders, the structure of decision-making groups, and the nature of the exchange between participating individuals. Analyzing thirty-nine foreign-policy cases across nine administrations and incorporating both statistical analyses and case studies, including a detailed examination of the decision to invade Iraq in 2003, the authors pinpoint the factors that are likely to lead to successful or failed decision making, and they suggest ways to improve the process. Schafer and Crichlow show how the staffing of key offices and the structure of central decision-making bodies determine the path of an administration even before topics are introduced. Additionally, they link the psychological characteristics of leaders to the quality of their decision processing. There is no greater work available on understanding and improving the dynamics of contemporary decision making."--Back cover.
Note Print version record.
ISBN 9780231520188 (electronic bk.)
0231520182 (electronic bk.)
9781282872264 (MyiLibrary)
9780231148887 (cloth ; alk. paper)
9780231148894 (pbk. ; alk. paper)
0231148887 (cloth ; alk. paper)
0231148895 (pbk. ; alk. paper)
OCLC # 647929732
Additional Format Print version: Schafer, Mark, 1962- Groupthink versus high-quality decision making in International relations. New York : Columbia University Press, 2010 (DLC) 2009034847

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