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Author Rinehart Gardner, Wilda.
Title NCLEX-RN exam cram / Wilda Rinehart, Diann Sloan, Clara Hurd.
Imprint Indianopolis, Ind. : Pearson Education, [2011]
Edition Third edition.

Subject Nursing -- Examinations, questions, etc.
National Council Licensure Examination for Registered Nurses -- Study guides.
Alt Name Sloan, Diann.
Hurd, Clara.
Description xxii, 667 pages : illustrations ; 23 cm + 1 CD-ROM (4 3/4 in.)
Edition Third edition.
Note Includes index.
Contents Preparing for the National Council Exam for Registered Nurses -- Simplifying pharmacology -- Caring for the client with disorders of the respiratory system -- Caring for the client with disorders of the renal and genitourinary system -- Caring for the client with disorders of the hematopoietic system -- Caring for the client with disorders of fluid and electrolyte balance and acid/base balance -- Caring for the client with burns -- Caring for the client with sensorineural disorders -- Caring for the client with cancer -- Caring for the client with disorders of the gastrointestinal system -- Caring for the client with disorders of the musculoskeletal system -- Caring for the client with disorders of the endocrine system -- Caring for the client with disorders of the cardiovascular system -- Caring for the client with disorders of the neurological system -- Caring for the client with psychiatric disorders -- Caring for maternal/infant client -- Caring for pediatric client -- Emergency nursing -- Cultural practices influencing nursing care -- Legal issues in nursing practice.
ISBN 9780789744821 (pbk.)
0789744821 (pbk.)
OCLC # 664450901
Table of Contents
 Welcome to the NCLEX-RN® Exam Cram1
 Taking the Computerized Adaptive Test2
 The Cost of the Exam2
 How to Prepare for the Exam2
 How to Use this Book3
 About the Book4
 Contact the Authors5
 Testing Your Exam Readiness6
Chapter 1Preparing for the National Council Exam for Registered Nurses7
 Preparing for the Exam8
 The CAT Exam8
 Testing Strategies9
 Read the Question Carefully10
 Look for Keywords10
 Watch for Specific Details10
 Eliminate Options that are Clearly Wrong or Incorrect11
 Look for Similar Options11
 Look for Opposite Answers12
 Remember Legalities12
 Remember Infection Control12
 Exam Prep Questions13
 Answer Rationales15
Chapter 2Pharmacology17
 Three Areas of Pharmacology18
 How Nurses Work with Pharmacology19
 Time-released Drugs20
 Administering Medications21
 The Seven Rights of Administering Medication21
 Understanding and Identifying the Various Drugs22
 Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors22
 Beta Adrenergic Blockers23
 Anti-Infectives (Aminoglycosides)25
 Benzodiazepines (Anticonvulsants/Antianxiety)26
 Phenothiazines (Antipsychotic/Antiemetic)28
 Cholesterol-Lowering Agents32
 Angiotensin Receptor Blockers33
 Histamine 2 Antagonists34
 Proton Pump Inhibitors36
 More Drug Identification Helpers38
 Drug Schedules39
 Pregnancy Categories for Drugs40
 Exam Prep Questions41
 Answer Rationales43
Chapter 3Caring for the Client with Disorders of the Respiratory System45
 Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease46
 Chronic Bronchitis46
 Acute Respiratory Infections47
 Acute Respiratory Failure51
 Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome51
 Pulmonary Embolus52
 Emerging Infections53
 Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome53
 Legionnaire's Disease54
 Diagnostic Tests for Review55
 Pharmacology Categories for Review55
 Exam prep Questions57
 Answer Rationales59
 Suggested Readings and Resources60
Chapter 4Caring for the Client with Disorders of the Genltourinary System61
 Acute Glomerulonephritis62
 Chronic Glomerulonephritis63
 Stage Renal Disease64
 Peritoneal Dialysis64
 Renal Transplantation65
 Nephrotic Syndrome65
 Urinary Calculi66
 Urinary Tract Infections67
 Genitourinary Disorders67
 Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia68
 Bladder Cancer69
 Diagnostic Tests for Review70
 Pharmacology Categories for Review70
 Exam Prep Questions72
 Answer Rationales74
 Suggested Reading and Resources75
Chapter 5Caring for the Client with Disorders of the Hematopoletic System77
 Pernicious Anemia78
 Aplastic Anemia79
 Sickle Cell Anemia80
 Iron Deficiency Anemia80
 Cooley's Anemia (Thalassemia Major)81
 Polycythemia Vera82
 Diagnostic Tests for Review83
 Pharmacology for Review83
 Exam Prep Questions84
 Answer Rationales86
 Suggested Reading and Resources87
Chapter 6Caring for the Client with Disorders of Fluid and Electrolyte Balance and Acid/Base Balance89
 Basic Knowledge of Fluid and Electrolyte Balance90
 Regulation of pH and Its Effect on Fluid and Electroytes91
 How the Body Regulates pH91
 Metabolic Acidosis91
 Causes of Metabolic Acidosis91
 Symptoms of Metabolic Acidosis92
 Care of the Client with Metabolic Acidosis92
 Respiratory Acidosis93
 Causes of Respiratory Acidosis93
 Symptoms of Respiratory Acidosis94
 Caring for the Client with Respiratory Acidosis94
 Metabolic Alkalosis95
 Causes of Metabolic Alkalosis95
 Symptoms of Metabolic Alkalosis95
 Caring for the Client with Metabolic Alkalosis96
 Respiratory Alkalosis96
 Symptoms of Respiratory Alkalosis96
 Care of the Client with Respiratory Alkalosis97
 Normal Electrolyte Values97
 Changes Associated With Aging98
 Exam Prep Questions100
 Answer Rationales102
 Suggested Reading and Resources103
Chapter 7Caring for the Client with Burns105
 Burn Classifications106
 Burn Measurement with TBSA108
 Nursing Care for Burn Victims109
 The Emergent Phase110
 The Intermediate Phase113
 Dressings for Burns114
 The Rehabilitative Phase115
 Diagnostic Tests for Review116
 Pharmacology Categories for Review116
 Exam Prep Questions117
 Answer Rationales119
 Suggested Reading and Resources120
Chapter 8Caring for the Client with Sensorineural Disorders121
 Disorders of the Eyes122
 Intraocular Disorders122
 Retinal Disorders125
 Refractive Errors127
 Traumatic Injuries128
 Visual Tests for Review129
 Pharmacology Categories for Review129
 Ear Disorders129
 Otitis Externa130
 Otitis Media130
 Meniere's Disease130
 Ear Trauma132
 Assisting Clients with Hearing Loss132
 Diagnostic Tests for Review132
 Pharmacology Categories for Review133
 Exam Prep Questions134
 Answer Rationales136
 Suggested Reading and Resources137
Chapter 9Caring for the Client with Cancer139
 American Cancer Society's Seven Warning Signs of Cancer140
 The Four Major Categories of Cancer140
 Risk Factors for Specific Cancers141
 Cancer Prevention143
 Patient Teaching143
 Management of the Client with Cancer143
 Bone Marrow and Peripheral Stem Cell Transplantation (PSCT)147
 Types of Transplants148
 Nursing Care After Transplantation148
 Hodgkin's Lymphoma149
 Diagnosis of Hodgkin's Lymphoma150
 Prognosis of Hodgkin's Lymphoma150
 Treatment of Hodgkin's Lymphoma150
 Diagnostic Tests for Review151
 Pharmacology for Review152
 Exam Prep Questions154
 Answer Rationales156
 Suggested Reading and Resources157
Chapter 10Caring for the Client with Disorders of the Gastrointestinal System159
 Types of Ulcers160
 Treatment of Ulcers161
 Inflammatory Bowel Disorders163
 Crohn's Disease (Regional Enteritis)163
 Ulcerative Colitis164
 Diagnosis of Diverticulitis165
 Treatment of Diverticulitis166
 Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)166
 Diseases Associated with the Liver167
 Symptoms of Cholecystitis and Cholelithiasis176
 Diagnosis of Cholecystitis/Cholethiasis177
 Treatment of Cholethiasis177
 Clostridium Difficile178
 Food-Borne Illnesses179
 Diagnostic Tests for Review180
 Pharmacology for Review180
 Exam Prep Questions182
 Answer Rationales184
 Suggested Reading and Resources185
Chapter 11Caring for the Client with Disorders of the Musculoskeletal System187
 Treating Fractures188
 Compartment Syndrome191
 Treatment of Osteoporosis194
 Treatment of the Client with Gout195
 Rheumatoid Arthritis195
 Treatment of Rheumatoid Arthritis196
 Musculoskeletal Surgical Procedures197
 Fractured Hip and Hip Replacement197
 Total Knee Replacement198
 Assistive Devices for Ambulation201
 Diagnostic Tests for Review203
 Pharmacology for Review203
 Exam Prep Questions205
 Answer Rationales207
 Suggested Reading and Resources208
Chapter 12Caring for the Client with Disorders of the Endocrine System209
 The Endocrine System210
 Pituitary Disorders210
 Tumors of the Pituitary211
 Thyroid Disorders213
 Parathyroid Disorders215
 Adrenal Gland Disorders218
 Adrenocortical Insufficiency (Addison's Disease)218
 Adrenocortical Hypersecretion (Cushing's Syndrome) or Cushing's Disease219
 Diabetes Mellitus219
 Diagnostic Tests for Review223
 Pharmacology Categories for Review223
 Exam Prep Questions224
 Answer Rationales226
 Suggested Reading and Resources227
Chapter 13Caring for the Client with Disorders of the Cardiovascular System229
 Medications Used to Treat Hypertension231
 Heart Block231
 Toxicity to Medications233
 Malfunction of the Conduction System233
 Myocardial Infarction234
 Diagnosis of Myocardial Infarction235
 Management of Myocardial Infarction Clients236
 Inflammatory Diseases of the Heart239
 Infective Endocarditis239
 Buerger's Disease240
 Raynaud's Syndrome241
 Congestive Heart Failure242
 Diagnostic Tests for Review242
 Pharmacology Categories for Review243
 Exam Prep Questions244
 Answer Rationales246
 Suggested Reading and Resources247
Chapter 14Caring for the Client with Disorders of the Neurological System249
 Types of Seizures250
 Treatment of Seizure Clients252
 Status Epilepticus253
 Brain Injuries253
 Epidural Hematomas254
 Subdural Hematoma254
 Treatment of Epidural and Subdural Hematomas254
 Increased Intracranial Pressure255
 Treatment of ICP257
 Neurological Assessment258
 Cranial Nerve Assessment258
 Glasgow Coma Scale259
 Intracranial Pressure Monitors260
 Care of the Client with Intracranial Surgery (Craniotomy)260
 Cerebrovascular Accident/Stroke262
 Spinal Cord Injury263
 Treatment of Spinal Cord Injuries263
 Potential Complications with SCI Clients264
 Treating Clients with Guillian-Barre266
 Degenerative Neurological Disorders266
 Diagnostic Tests for Review267
 Pharmacology for Review267
 Exam Prep Questions269
 Answer Rationales271
 Suggested Reading and Resources272
Chapter 15Caring for the Client with Psychiatric Disorders273
 Anxiety-Related Disorders274
 Generalized Anxiety Disorder274
 Post-traumatic Stress Disorder275
 Dissociative Identity Disorder275
 Somatoform Disorder276
 Panic Disorder276
 Phobic Disorders277
 Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder277
 Personality Disorders278
 Cluster A278
 Cluster B279
 Cluster C280
 Managing Clients with Personality Disorders281
 Psychotic Disorders282
 Bipolar Disorders284
 Substance Abuse286
 Other Commonly Abused Substances288
 Disorders of Childhood and Adolescence291
 Conduct Disorder291
 Oppositional Defiant Disorder291
 Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder291
 Autistic Disorder292
 Eating Disorders293
 Diagnostic Tests for Review293
 Pharmacology Categories for Review294
 Exam Prep Questions295
 Answer Rationales297
 Suggested Reading and Resources298
Chapter 16Caring for the Maternal/Infant Client299
 Signs of Pregnancy300
 Presumptive Signs300
 Probable Signs300
 Positive Signs301
 Prenatal Care301
 Prenatal Diet and Weight Maintenance301
 Alpha-Fetoprotein Screening301
 Other Prenatal Diagnostic Tests302
 Assessing Fetal Heart Tones303
 Signs of Complications of Pregnancy303
 Types of Abortions304
 Complications Affecting Pregnancy305
 Diabetes in Pregnancy305
 Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation307
 Cord Prolapse307
 Abruptio Placenta307
 Placenta Previa307
 Maternal Infections308
 Preterm Labor310
 Intrapartal Care311
 Stages of Labor311
 Phases of Labor312
 Important Terms you Should Know312
 Prelabor Testing313
 Fetal Monitoring314
 Pharmacologic Management of Labor316
 Postpartum Care317
 Terms Associated with the Normal Newborn317
 Rh Incompatibility318
 Diagnostic Tests for Review320
 Pharmacology Categories for Review321
 Exam Prep Questions322