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LEADER 00000nam  2200517Ii 4500 
001    815570574 
003    OCoLC 
005    20130102131511.0 
006    m     o  d f       
007    cr cn||||||||| 
008    121031s2012    dcuab   ob   f000 0 eng d 
040    HUH|beng|erda|cHUH|dOCLCQ|dGPO|dMvI 
043    n-us-hi 
050  4 QK63 
074    0624-H (online) 
086 0  I 19.76:2012-1192 
086 0  I 19.76:2012-1192 
245 00 Mapping plant species ranges in the Hawaiian Islands :
       |bdeveloping a methodology and associated GIS layers /|cby
       Jonathan P. Price ... [and others]. 
264  1 Woods Hole, Mass. :|bU.S. Dept. of the Interior, U.S. 
       Geological Survey,|c2012. 
300    1 online resource :|bcolor illustrations, color maps. 
336    text|btxt|2rdacontent 
337    computer|bc|2rdamedia 
338    online resource|bcr|2rdacarrier 
340    |gpolychrome|2rdacc|0
490 1  Open-file report ;|v2012-1192 
500    Title from title screen (viewed on Oct. 29, 2012). 
500    Includes links to report (PDF ; 6.4 MB), appendix table 
       guide (PDF ; 107 kB), appendix: species table (PDF ; 355 
       kB), and zipped packages (21 files ; 3.1 GB). 
500    Appendix species table contains links to a total of 1,158 
       maps (272 kB with links to 3.5 GB of maps and 88 MB of 
500    "Prepared in cooperation with the Hawaiʻi Cooperative 
       Studies Unit, University of Hawaiʻi at Hilo." 
500    "First posted October 24, 2012." 
504    Includes bibliographical references. 
520 3  This report documents a methodology for projecting the 
       geographic ranges of plant species in the Hawaiian 
       Islands. The methodology consists primarily of the 
       creation of several geographic information system (GIS) 
       data layers depicting attributes related to the geographic
       ranges of plant species. The most important spatial-data 
       layer generated here is an objectively defined 
       classification of climate as it pertains to the 
       distribution of plant species. By examining previous zonal
       -vegetation classifications in light of spatially detailed
       climate data, broad zones of climate relevant to 
       contemporary concepts of vegetation in the Hawaiian 
       Islands can be explicitly defined. Other spatial-data 
       layers presented here include the following: substrate age,
       as large areas of the island of Hawaiʻi, in particular, 
       are covered by very young lava flows inimical to the 
       growth of many plant species; biogeographic regions of the
       larger islands that are composites of multiple volcanoes, 
       as many of their species are restricted to a given 
       topographically isolated mountain or a specified group of 
       them; and human impact, which can reduce the range of many
       species relative to where they formerly were found. Other 
       factors influencing the geographic ranges of species that 
       are discussed here but not developed further, owing to 
       limitations in rendering them spatially, include 
       topography, soils, and disturbance. A method is described 
       for analyzing these layers in a GIS, in conjunction with a
       database of species distributions, to project the ranges 
       of plant species, which include both the potential range 
       prior to human disturbance and the projected present 
       range. Examples of range maps for several species are 
       given as case studies that demonstrate different spatial 
       characteristics of range. Several potential applications 
       of species-range maps are discussed, including 
       facilitating field surveys, informing restoration efforts,
       studying range size and rarity, studying biodiversity, 
       managing invasive species, and planning of conservation 
650  0 Plant species|0
       sh97007502|xGeographic information systems|0http://|zHawaii.
650  0 Plants|xGeographic information systems|0
650  0 Vegetation mapping|0
       /sh85142528|xGeographic information systems|0http://|zHawaii.
650  0 Phytogeography|0
       sh85101689|xGeographic information systems|0http://|zHawaii.
650  0 Geographic information systems|0
700 1  Price, Jonathan P.|0
710 2  University of Hawaii (System).|bSea Grant Extension 
710 2  Geological Survey (U.S.)|0
830  0 U.S. Geological Survey open-file report ;|0http://|v2012-1192. 
856 40 |u 

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