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Corp Author National Research Council (U.S.). Committee on the Long-Run Macroeconomic Effects of the Aging U.S. Population--Phase II, author.
Title The growing gap in life expectancy by income : implications for federal programs and policy responses / Committee on the Long-Run Macroeconomic Effects of the Aging U.S. Population--Phase II ; Committee on Population, Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education ; Board on Mathematical Sciences and Their Applications ; Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences ; The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine.
Imprint Washington, DC : National Academies Press, [2015]

Corp Author National Research Council (U.S.). Committee on the Long-Run Macroeconomic Effects of the Aging U.S. Population--Phase II, author.
Subject Aging -- Economic aspects -- United States.
Baby boom generation -- Retirement -- Economic aspects -- United States.
Economic forecasting -- United States.
Older people -- United States -- Economic conditions.
Population aging -- Economic aspects -- Mathematical models.
Age distribution (Demography) -- Economic aspects -- United States.
Older people -- Economic conditions -- Forecasting.
Older people -- Government policy -- Economic aspects.
Aging -- United States.
Retirement -- Economic aspects -- United States.
Life expectancy -- Economic aspects -- United States.
Life expectancy -- Government policy -- United States.
Income distribution -- United States.
Life Expectancy.
Income.
Insurance.
Alt Name National Research Council (U.S.). Committee on Population,
National Research Council (U.S.). Board on Mathematical Sciences and Their Applications,
National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine (U.S.),
Description 1 online resource (1 PDF file (xiv, 167 pages)) : illustrations
Note Title from PDF title page.
Bibliography Note Includes bibliographical references.
Summary The U.S. population is aging. Social Security projections suggest that between 2013 and 2050, the population aged 65 and over will almost double, from 45 million to 86 million. One key driver of population aging is ongoing increases in life expectancy. Average U.S. life expectancy was 67 years for males and 73 years for females five decades ago; the averages are now 76 and 81, respectively. It has long been the case that better-educated, higher-income people enjoy longer life expectancies than less-educated, lower-income people. The causes include early life conditions, behavioral factors (such as nutrition, exercise, and smoking behaviors), stress, and access to health care services, all of which can vary across education and income. Our major entitlement programs - Medicare, Medicaid, Social Security, and Supplemental Security Income - have come to deliver disproportionately larger lifetime benefits to higher-income people because, on average, they are increasingly collecting those benefits over more years than others. This report studies the impact the growing gap in life expectancy has on the present value of lifetime benefits that people with higher or lower earnings will receive from major entitlement programs. The analysis presented in The Growing Gap in Life Expectancy by Income goes beyond an examination of the existing literature by providing the first comprehensive estimates of how lifetime benefits are affected by the changing distribution of life expectancy. The report also explores, from a lifetime benefit perspective, how the growing gap in longevity affects traditional policy analyses of reforms to the nation's leading entitlement programs. This in-depth analysis of the economic impacts of the longevity gap will inform debate and assist decision makers, economists, and researchers.
Note Online resource (viewed on December 08, 2015).
English.
Contents Population Aging in a Heterogeneous Society -- Growing Heterogeneity of the U.S. Population in Income and Life Expectancy -- Implications of Growing Heterogeneity -- Policy Responses to an Aging Population -- Conclusions -- Appendix A: Biographical Sketches of Committee Members -- Appendix B: The Future Elderly Model: Technical Documentation.
ISBN 9780309317078
030931707X
9780309317085
0309317088
9780309317108 (e-book)
030931710X
OCLC # 915729245
Additional Format Print version: Growing gap in life expectancy by income. Washington, D.C. : National Academy Press [2015] 9780309317078 (OCoLC)907097147.


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