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Author Lewis, Martin W.
Title Wagering the land : ritual, capital, and environmental degradation in the Cordillera of northern Luzon, 1900-1986 / Martin W. Lewis.
Imprint Berkeley : University of California Press, [1992]

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Author Lewis, Martin W.
Subject Nature -- Effect of human beings on -- Philippines -- Buguias.
Agricultural ecology -- Philippines -- Buguias.
Tropical vegetable industry -- Philippines -- Buguias.
Agriculture -- Economic aspects -- Philippines -- Buguias.
Agriculture -- Social aspects -- Philippines -- Buguias.
Rites and ceremonies -- Philippines -- Buguias.
Environmental degradation -- Philippines -- Buguias.
Buguias (Philippines) -- Politics and government.
Buguias (Philippines) -- Religious life and customs.
Alt Name NetLibrary, Inc.
Description xii, 280 pages : illustrations, maps ; 24 cm
polychrome rdacc
Bibliography Note Includes bibliographical references (p. 263-274) and index.
Reproduction Electronic reproduction. Boulder, Colo. : NetLibrary, 1999. Available via the World Wide Web. Available in multiple electronic file formats. Access may be limited to NetLibrary affiliated libraries.
ISBN 0585070431 (electronic bk.)
OCLC # 42922510
Additional Format Original (DLC) 91012307 (OCoLC)23355793.
Table of Contents
   Commercialization and Local Change3
   Identifying Buguias in the Ethnographic Landscape10
Pt. 1Prewar Buguias 
 2Food, Fuel, and Fiber: Human Environmental 
   Relations in Prewar Buguias21
   Agricultural Fields23
   Animal Husbandry30
   The Harvest of Uncultivated Lands34
   Vegetational Change and Agricultural Intensification38
 3Social Relations: Power and Labor45
   The Commoners46
   The Elite and Their Servants49
   Social Mobility52
   Land Tenure54
 4Religion: The Role of the Ancestors59
   Gods and Spirits60
   Prestige Feasts in Prewar Buguias65
   Status Display70
   The Ideology of Ritual Performance73
 5Commercial and Political Relations82
   Trade Relations82
   The Organization of Trade88
   Local Specialization of Production92
   The Prewar Vegetable Industry95
   Imperial Power98
   Colonial Visions103
   Interregnum: The War107
Pt. 2Vitality and Vulnerability: Fluctuations in the Postwar Economy, 1946-1986 
 6The Establishment of Commercial Vegetable Agriculture117
   Postwar Adjustments118
   The Ecology of Early Vegetable Production in Buguias122
   Continuing Agricultural Development126
   Crops and Field Types129
   Strategies in Vegetable Farming136
   The Spatial Reorganization of Exchange139
 7The Sociology and Economics of Vegetable Production, 1946-1972146
   Restructured Social Relations147
   Capital and Labor150
   The Vegetable Trade155
 8Economic and Ecological Crisis161
   Boom, Bust, and Readjustment163
   Water Shortages, Erosion, and Biocides180
   The Vegetable Frontier186
 9Social Conflict and Political Struggle194
   Land Conflicts195
   The Rise of Youth Culture202
   Contemporary Politics204
 10Religion in Modern Buguias213
   The "Buguias Paganism System"213
   Christian Challenge and Pagan Response219
   The Geography of Religion224
   Religious Plurality in Present-day Buguias229
 11Conclusion: Understanding Buguias's Aberrant Development233
   The Ideology of Pagan Economics238
   Ritual Economics and the Social Order242
   Ritual Survival, Ecological Devastation246

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