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Author Casanova, Manuel,
Title The soils of Chile / Manuel Casanova, Osvaldo Salazar, Oscar Seguel, Walter Luzio
Imprint Dordrecht ; New York : Springer, [2013]

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Author Casanova, Manuel,
Series World soils book series, 2211-1255
World soils book series.
Subject Soils -- Chile.
Soil management -- Chile.
Alt Name Salazar, Osvaldo,
Seguel, Oscar,
Luzio, Walter,
Description 1 online resource (x, 185 pages) : illustrations (some color), maps (some color)
Bibliography Note Includes bibliographical references and index
Contents 1. General Chile Overview -- 1.1. Territory Formation: Geology and Geomorphology -- 1.2. Climate: From Desert to Glaciers -- 1.3. Vegetation -- 1.4. Land Use -- References -- 2. Main Features of Chilean Soils -- 2.1. Soil Formation in Chile -- 2.2. Major Soil Zones -- 2.2.1. Soils of the Hyper-Arid to Semi-Arid Zone -- 2.2.2. Soils of the Mediterranean Zone -- 2.2.3. Soils of the Rainy and Patagonian Zone -- 2.2.4. Soils of the Insular (Easter-Juan Fernandez) and Antarctic Zone -- 2.3. A Soil Map of Chile -- References -- 3. Management of Soil Properties in Chile -- 3.1. Chemical Properties -- 3.1.1. Soil Reaction -- 3.1.2. Soil Salinity and Sodicity -- 3.1.3. Nutrient Availability -- 3.2. Physical Properties -- 3.2.1. Bulk Density -- 3.2.2. Particle Size Distribution and Water Retention -- 3.2.3. Structural Stability -- 3.2.4. Pore Functionality -- 3.3. Biological Properties -- 3.3.1. Soil Organic Carbon -- 3.3.2. Soil Biodiversity -- References -- 4. Human-Induced Soil Degradation in Chile -- 4.1. Erosive Soil Degradation -- 4.1.1. Water Erosion -- 4.1.2. Wind Erosion -- 4.2. Non Erosive Soil Degradation (Physical, Chemical and Biological) -- 4.2.1. Soil Physical Degradation -- 4.2.2. Soil Chemical Degradation -- 4.2.3. Soil Biological Degradation -- 4.3. Desertification -- 4.3.1. Coquimbo Region and Patagonia, Two Emblematic Cases of Desertification in Extremes Zones of Chile -- 4.3.2. Easter Island, an Example of Collapse by Soil Degradation -- 4.4. Future of Soil Conservation in Chile -- References
Summary This book is intended for students and soil scientists who want to know about the state of the art in soil sciences in Chile. The book merges a comprehensive bibliographical review of the soil surveys carried out throughout the length and breadth of Chilean territory during the past 40 years and more recent information obtained by the authors in a number of field studies. As its starting point the book presents a general overview of important features related to Chilean soils, such as geology and geomorphology, climate, land use and vegetation. In this long and narrow country different soil formation factors and processes have resulted in a broad variety of soil bodies, from the extremely arid Atacama desert to the Patagonian and Antarctic zones. This book provides a description and classification (mainly Soil Taxonomy) of the most important soil types. Particularly important are soils derived from volcanic materials, which cover extensive areas of Chile. The book also deals with soil management topics in relation to the chemical, physical and biological properties of Chilean soils and it includes a number of examples from throughout the country. Finally, the book shows how man has induced severe soil degradation problems in Chile, such as erosive soil degradation, non-erosive soil degradation and land desertification provider's description
Note English
ISBN 9789400759497 (electronic bk.)
9400759495 (electronic bk.)
ISBN/ISSN 10.1007/978-94-007-5949-7
OCLC # 826707600
Additional Format Print version: Casanova, Manuel. Soils of Chile. Dordrecht : Springer, [2013] 9789400759480 (DLC) 2012954627 (OCoLC)813947399

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