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Author Carpenter, John A. (John Alcott), 1921-
Title Sword and olive branch : Oliver Otis Howard / by John A. Carpenter ; with an introduction by Paul A. Cimbala.
Imprint New York : Fordham University Press, 1999.

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Author Carpenter, John A. (John Alcott), 1921-
Series The North's Civil War ; no. 9
North's Civil War ; no. 9.
Subject Howard, O. O. (Oliver Otis), 1830-1909.
United States. Army -- Biography.
United States. Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands -- Officials and employees -- Biography.
Howard University -- Biography.
Generals -- United States -- Biography.
African Americans -- History -- 1863-1877.
United States -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865 -- Campaigns.
Indians of North America -- Wars -- 1866-1895.
Description 1 online resource (xviii, 379 pages) : illustrations.
Bibliography Note Includes bibliographical references (pages 350-361) and index.
Note Print version record.
Contents Illustrations -- Introduction to the 1999 Edition -- Preface -- Early Life (starting p. 1) -- Prewar Service in the Regular Army (starting p. 12) -- Brigade Command (starting p. 23) -- Division and Corps Command (starting p. 36) -- Chancellorsville and Gettysburg (starting p. 44) -- Western Victories (starting p. 59) -- The End of the War (starting p. 73) -- Early Months of the Freedmen's Bureau (starting p. 87) -- Relief Work and Land Policy (starting p. 103) -- Labor and Legal Matters (starting p. 122) -- The Controversial Bureau (starting p. 136) -- Education (starting p. 157) -- Howard University (starting p. 169) -- Bureau-related Activities: The Barry Farm and the Freedmen's Bank (starting p. 185) -- Church Dispute and House Investigation (starting p. 191) -- Peace with the Apaches (starting p. 209) -- Bounty Paying, Court of Inquiry (starting p. 220) -- Washington, D. C. (starting p. 236) -- Service in the Northwest (starting p. 244) -- Final Army Assignments (starting p. 270) -- The Closing Years (starting p. 290) -- Notes (starting p. 300) -- Bibliography (starting p. 350) -- Index (starting p. 363)
Summary Oliver Otis Howard devoted his life to the service of his country, both as a distinguished army officer in two wars and as the founder of two universities. Oliver Otis Howard was a graduate of Bowdoin College and of West Point. Being reared in a pious New England (Maine) atmosphere gave him a deep sense of obligation to lead a Christian life, for the good of others and for the development of his own best self. He was often disturbed by the conflict presented him in his dual career in peace and war. General Howard's strong sense of duty to his country brought about his distinguished career of command during the Civil War -- at the Battle of Chancellorsville, itself a disappointing rout, and at Gettysburg, where he recovered any reputation the earlier defeat might have lost him. Under General Sherman, in the Atlanta campaign, and as a leader of the Army of the Tennessee he won special distinction. In total, Howard fought at the First Bull Run, Fair Oaks (where severe wounds forced the amputation of his right arm), Second Bull Run, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, and Gettysburg. The same strong sense of duty made him accept the commission of the Freedmen's Bureau and the promotion of African-American education. Following his service in the Nez Perce Campaign of 1877 he was superintendent of West Point and the founder of Lincoln Memorial University. His greatest service to education, however, was as founder and president of Howard University, where his name and career are held in honor. -- Provided by publisher.
ISBN 0585199094 (electronic bk.)
9780585199092 (electronic bk.)
0823219879 (hardcover)
0823219887 (pbk.)
9780823219872
0823219879
OCLC # 44962703
Additional Format Print version: Carpenter, John A. (John Alcott), 1921- Sword and olive branch. New York : Fordham University Press, 1999 0823219879 (DLC) 99033067 (OCoLC)41404720
Table of Contents
 Illustrations 
 Introduction to the 1999 Edition 
 Preface 
 Early Life1
 Prewar Service in the Regular Army12
 Brigade Command23
 Division and Corps Command36
 Chancellorsville and Gettysburg44
 Western Victories59
 The End of the War73
 Early Months of the Freedmen's Bureau87
 Relief Work and Land Policy103
 Labor and Legal Matters122
 The Controversial Bureau136
 Education157
 Howard University169
 Bureau-related Activities: The Barry Farm and the Freedmen's Bank185
 Church Dispute and House Investigation191
 Peace with the Apaches209
 Bounty Paying, Court of Inquiry220
 Washington, D. C.236
 Service in the Northwest244
 Final Army Assignments270
 The Closing Years290
 Notes300
 Bibliography350
 Index363


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