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Author Dallek, Matthew, 1969-
Title Defenseless under the night : the Roosevelt years and the origins of Homeland Security / Matthew Dallek.
Imprint New York City : Oxford University Press, [2016]

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Subject Landis, James M. (James McCauley), 1899-1964.
Roosevelt, Eleanor, 1884-1962 -- Influence.
United States. Office of Civilian Defense -- History.
Civil defense -- United States -- History -- 20th century.
World War, 1939-1945 -- United States.
World War, 1939-1945 -- War work -- United States.
Civil defense -- United States -- Citizen participation.
United States -- Defenses -- History -- 20th century.
Add Title Roosevelt years and the origins of Homeland Security
Description 1 online resource
Bibliography Note Includes bibliographical references and index.
Includes bibliographical references (pages 265-325) and index.
Contents Introduction: Guns and butter -- Ultimate armageddon -- No pact, treaty, symbol, or person -- Two fronts -- The problem of home defense -- An American plan -- London burning -- A sweeping conflagration of insanity -- Heart and soul -- We can't all run to Central Park -- A man must be protected -- Fair game -- The liberal approach -- All these rights spell security -- Conclusion: National security liberalism.
Summary "As the bombs fell on Guernica and the Blitz terrorized Britons--even before Pearl Harbor--Americans watched and worried about attacks on their homeland. In May 1941, FDR established an Office of Civilian Defense to protect Americans from foreign and domestic threats. In this book, Matthew Dallek narrates the history of the Office of Civilian Defense. He uses the development of the precursor of "homeland security" as a way of examining constitutional questions about civil liberties; the role of government in propagandizing to its own citizens; competing visions among liberals and conservatives for establishing a plan to defend America; and federal, state, and local responsibilities for citizen protection. Much of the dramatic tension lies in the preparation of communities against attack and their fears of Japanese invasion along the Pacific Coast and Nazi invasion. So too there was a clash of visions between LaGuardia and Eleanor Roosevelt. The mayor argued that the OCD's focus had to be on preparing the country against German and Japanese attack, including conducting blackout drills, preparing evacuation plans, coordinating emergency medical teams, and protecting industrial plants and transportation centers. The First Lady believed the OCD should also promote social justice for African Americans and women and raise civilian morale. Their clashes frustrated FDR, who pressured them both to resign in 1942, and led to the appointment of James Landis, commissioner of the SEC, who created a semi-military operation that involved grassroots citizen mobilization, including planting Victory Gardens and building the Civil Air Patrol. It was the largest volunteer program in World War II America."--Provided by publisher.
Note Print version record and CIP data provided by publisher; resource not viewed.
ISBN 9780190469535 (electronic bk.)
0190469536 (electronic bk.)
9780190469559 (electronic bk.)
0190469552 (electronic bk.)
9780199743124 (hardcover ; alk. paper)
0199743126 (hardcover ; alk. paper)
9780190469542 (print)
0190469544 (print)
OCLC # 932302745
Additional Format Print version: Dallek, Matthew, 1969- Defenseless under the night. New York City : Oxford University Press, [2016] 9780199743124 (DLC) 2015048180 (OCoLC)932003584