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Title Homicide investigations / Allan B. Smythe, editor.
Imprint New York, N.Y. : Nova Science Publishers, Inc., [2009]
©2009

Series Criminal justice, law enforcement and corrections
Criminal justice, law enforcement and corrections.
Subject Homicide investigation -- United States -- Congresses.
Forensic sciences -- United States -- Congresses.
Cold cases (Criminal investigation) -- United States -- Congresses.
Alt Name Smythe, Allan B.
COPS Program (U.S.)
Police Executive Research Forum.
Description 1 online resource (xii, 142 pages) : illustrations.
polychrome rdacc
Note "With the support of the Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (the COPS Office), PERF [Police Executive Research Forum] hosted Promoting effective homicide investigations, a 2-day conference in May 2006 ... PERF and the COPS Office hope this publication will help law enforcement officials determine which promising practices are the most appropriate for their departments"--Foreword.
Bibliography Note Includes bibliographical references and index.
Summary Annotation Dr Albert P Cardarelli (University of Massachusetts, Boston) and Dr. Charles Wellford (University of Maryland, College Park) opened the conference by presenting their research to help illuminate the consequences of unsolved murders and the variables that have contributed to the decline in clearance rates. Their research revealed that the changing nature of crime, the decentralisation of police departments, and the rise in gang violence have all had an impact on the effectiveness of homicide investigations. Law enforcement executives, academics, attorneys, and federal government representatives addressed the different effective strategies that have been developed to combat these problems, including various management and personnel decisions, videotaping suspect interviews, considering the availability of eyewitness identification options (simultaneous line-ups versus sequential line-ups), DNA analysis, and using cold case units and crime analysts to increase clearance rates. Case studies presented at the conference highlighted both the strengths and weaknesses associated with various investigation techniques. A town hall forum allowed attendees to discuss variables that contribute to an effective homicide unit. A lively discussion ensued, with participants mainly focusing on the role of science and technology, specifically how technology may at first appear to complicate the process but ultimately assists law enforcement by fostering change and improving investigational methods.
Contents HOMICIDE INVESTIGATIONS; CRIMINAL JUSTICE, LAWENFORCEMENTAND CORRECTIONS; HOMICIDE INVESTIGATIONS; CONTENTS; PREFACE*; FOREWORD; ACKNOWLEDGMENTS; INTRODUCTION; CALL FOR ACTION; THE CHANGING NATURE OF HOMICIDE INVESTIGATIONS; STRENGTHENING THE INVESTIGATIVE FUNCTION; PROMOTING EFFECTIVE HOMICIDE INVESTIGATIONS CONFERENCE; REPORT CONTENTS; HOMICIDES AND CLEARANCE RATES; OVERVIEW OF HOMICIDE RATES AND CLEARANCE RATES; Homicide Rates 1961-2005; Clearance Rates 196 1-2005; CHANGING TRENDS IN THE NATURE OF HOMICIDES; Variables Affecting Law Enforcement's Investigation of Homicide Cases.
Consequences of Unsolved HomicidesCONSIDERATIONS FOR LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES; CONCLUSION; MANAGING HOMICIDE UNITSFOR EFFECTIVENESS; ORGANIZATIONAL CHARACTERISTICS; Responsibilities of the Homicide Unit; Centralization versus Decentralization; VARIABLES AFFECTING HOMICIDE CLEARANCE RATES; Initial Response; Actions of the Detectives; Other Police Actions; Personnel Policies; The Role of Crime Analysis; CONSIDERATIONS; EYEWITNESS IDENTIFICATION; DEFINITIONS; THE RESEARCH; Estimator Variables; System Variables; Criminal Justice Initiatives to Improve Eyewitness Identification.
CURRENT LAW ENFORCEMENT PRACTICES AND POLICIESNew Jersey; Hennepin County; Illinois; Wisconsin; North Carolina; Other Agencies; Agency Considerations for Eyewitness Identification; Agency Considerations; CONCLUSION; VIDEOTAPED INTERROGATIONS; IN PRACTICE: THE VIDEOTAPE RECORDING OF INTERROGATIONS; What Do We Know about Current Videotaping Practices?; Why Are Departments Videotaping?; VIDEOTAPED INTERROGATION PROCEDURES; What Is Being Videotaped?; Who Is Being Videotaped?; BENEFITS OF VIDEOTAPING INTERROGATIONS; Transparency; Focus; Courtroom Benefits; Direct Observation; Review and Training.
CONCERNS ABOUT VIDEOTAPING INTERROGATIONS Erosion of Public Trust; Decreased Cooperation; Cost; Technology Complexity and Dependence; So, Should Departments Videotape?; Consent; AGENCY CONSIDERATIONS FOR VIDEOTAPING INTERROGATIONS; Necessity; Current Regulations; The Decision; Policy; Logistics; Training Implications; Departmental Mindset; CONCLUSION; DNA, CRIME LABS, AND LAW ENFORCEMENT; DEOXYRIBONUCLEIC ACID (DNA); Background; DNA's Contributions; DNA in Demand: Cases and Backlogs; DNA EVIDENCEIN LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES; Staffing and Credentials; Oversight.
Evidence Management and PrioritizationDNA in the Courtroom: "The CSI Effect"; Funding; Other Resources: Combined DNA Index System (CODIS); CONSIDERATIONS FOR DNA AND FORENSIC LABS; CONCLUSION; COLD CASE INVESTIGATIONS; COLD CASE UNITS; Who Works on Cold Cases?; Innovative Approaches; CASE MANAGEMENT; Prioritizing Cold Cases; Evidence; Opening a Case; Engaging the Public; Other Resources; CONSIDERATIONS FOR LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES; CONCLUSION; ABOUT THE AUTHORS; ABOUT THE COPS OFFICE; ABOUT PERF; APPENDIX A.; APPENDIX B.; VIOLENT CRIMINAL APPREHENSION PROGRAM; PROJECT SAFE NEIGHBORHOODS (PSN).
Note Print version record.
ISBN 9781613249956 (electronic bk.)
1613249950 (electronic bk.)
9781606922583
1606922580
OCLC # 759176321
Additional Format Print version: Homicide investigations. New York, N.Y. : Nova Science Publishers, Inc., ©2009 9781606922583 (OCoLC)298184109


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